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  • Authors: Ting, Li; Arthur, Liesz;

    AbstractTranslational stroke research has long been focusing on neuroprotective strategies to prevent secondary tissue injury and promote recovery after acute ischemic brain injury. The inflammatory response to stroke has more recently emerged as a key pathophysiological pathway contributing to stroke outcome. It is now accepted that the inflammatory response is functionally involved in all phases of the ischemic stroke pathophysiology. The immune response is therefore considered a breakthrough target for ischemic stroke treatment. On one side, stroke induces a local neuroinflammatory response, in which the inflammatory activation of glial, endothelial and brain-invading cells contributes to lesion progression after stroke. On the other side, ischemic brain injury perturbs systemic immune homeostasis and results in long-lasting changes of systemic immunity. Here, we briefly summarize current concepts in local neuroinflammation and the systemic immune responses after stroke, and highlight two promising therapeutic strategies for poststroke inflammation.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: K, KIYOTA;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Neurochem...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Neurochemistry
    Article . 1959 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Neurochem...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Neurochemistry
      Article . 1959 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Moemi Matsuo; Takashi Higuchi; Hiroya Miyabara; Misako Higashijima; +4 Authors

    Background: A better understanding of the network responses of cortical activities during rest and cognitive tasks is necessary. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate cerebral activities during attentional tasks by using mobile electroencephalography, identifying the types of attentional components and brain waves. Methods: In this experimental study, we enrolled 12 healthy young adults. The attentional tasks comprised parts A and B of the Trail-Making Test (TMT). Nineteen electroencephalography electrodes were placed over various brain regions. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to examine the differences in power levels between the rest and TMT conditions. Results: During TMT part A, the electroencephalography power level of the delta waves was significantly higher in the right frontal, left central, left occipital, left inferior frontal, right mid-temporal, right posterior temporal, and middle parietal areas (P < .05) than those during the resting state; that of the alpha waves was significantly lower in the left posterior temporal area (P = .006); and that of the high gamma waves was significantly lower in the left parietal (P = .05) and left occipital (P = .002) areas. During TMT part B, the electroencephalography power level of the beta waves was significantly higher in the right frontal area (P = .041) than that during the resting state, and that of the low gamma waves was significantly higher in the left frontal pole, right frontal, and right inferior frontal areas (P < .05). During the focused attentional task, the power level of the delta waves increased and that of the alpha waves decreased, and during the alternating attentional task, those of both the beta and gamma waves increased. The delta waves were related to the whole brain, the alpha and high gamma waves to the left posterior lobe, and the beta and low gamma waves to both frontal lobes. Conclusion: These findings contribute to the basic knowledge necessary to develop new attentional assessment methods for clinical situations.

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    Medicine
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC
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    Medicine
    Article . 2023
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      Medicine
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      Medicine
      Article . 2023
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    Authors: Y, TSUKADA; G, TAKAGAKI;

    AN intimate relationship between nervous activity and ammonia formation had already been suggested by Tashiro1, and recently Richter and Dawson2 have pointed out the great significance of the rapid formation of ammonia in brain tissue, relating brain activity to functional metabolism.

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    Nature
    Article . 1954 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
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    Article . 1954
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      Article . 1954 . Peer-reviewed
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      Article . 1954
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    Authors: Roth, P.; Pace, A.; Rhun, E. le; Weller, M.; +15 Authors
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    Annals of Oncology; NARCIS
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier Non-Commercial
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: K, KIYOTA;

    SUMMARY Soluble protein in the cerebral hemisphere of the immature dog brains occupies fairly large proportion of the solid components, and it gradually decreases with growth of the brain, while, insoluble protein shows concomitant increase with active myelination in development. Electrophoretic fractions of the soluble brain protein shows a variation with age. The more mature the brain tissue, the lower became the amounts of the soluble protein fractions with high hydration. This may likely account for the decrease of the hydrophilic property of brain tissue with added age. Electrophoretic protein fractions of immature brain behave somewhat different from those of mature brain in precipitability through sodium sulfate and in coagulability through heat.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Psychiatry and Clini...arrow_drop_down
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    Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
    Article . 1959 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Psychiatry and Clini...arrow_drop_down
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      Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
      Article . 1959 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Hideyuki Okano; Partha P. Mitra;

    AbstractGlobally, there is an increasing interest in brain-mapping projects, including the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative project in the USA, the Human Brain Project (HBP) in Europe, and the Brain Mapping by Integrated Neurotechnologies for Disease Studies (Brain/MINDS) project in Japan. These projects aim to map the structure and function of neuronal circuits to ultimately understand the vast complexity of the human brain. Brain/MINDS is focused on structural and functional mapping of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) brain. This non-human primate has numerous advantages for brain mapping, including a well-developed frontal cortex and a compact brain size, as well as the availability of transgenic technologies. In the present review article, we discuss strategies for structural and functional mapping of the marmoset brain and the relation of the common marmoset to other animals models.

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    Neuroscience Research
    Article . 2015 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC ND
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      Neuroscience Research
      Article . 2015 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: E, OKUHARA; M, YASUDA;
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    Journal of Neurochemistry
    Article . 1960 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Neurochem...arrow_drop_down
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      Journal of Neurochemistry
      Article . 1960 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: K, SATO; K, MIMURA; T, OZAKI; Y, YAMAMOTO; +2 Authors

    By applying a new method and concept concerning the random stochastic process in the servo-system to the human brain wave, it is affirmed that purely random afferent inflowing signals (stimuli) are transformed by the generator system to the brain wave as the response of the system and the “transforming action” of the generator shows the nature of a damped oscillating system.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ The Japanese Journal...arrow_drop_down
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    The Japanese Journal of Physiology
    Article . 1957 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ The Japanese Journal...arrow_drop_down
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      The Japanese Journal of Physiology
      Article . 1957 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: T, FUNAO;

    (1) Cerebral pH coeficient does not show significant changes between brain functional disorders and others.(2) GOT of brain decrease, and of cerebrospinal fluid increase in brain functional disorders, especially in contusion.(3) These enzymological changes were seen at experimental studies in animals.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ The Keio Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
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    The Keio Journal of Medicine
    Article . 1961 . Peer-reviewed
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      The Keio Journal of Medicine
      Article . 1961 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Ting, Li; Arthur, Liesz;

    AbstractTranslational stroke research has long been focusing on neuroprotective strategies to prevent secondary tissue injury and promote recovery after acute ischemic brain injury. The inflammatory response to stroke has more recently emerged as a key pathophysiological pathway contributing to stroke outcome. It is now accepted that the inflammatory response is functionally involved in all phases of the ischemic stroke pathophysiology. The immune response is therefore considered a breakthrough target for ischemic stroke treatment. On one side, stroke induces a local neuroinflammatory response, in which the inflammatory activation of glial, endothelial and brain-invading cells contributes to lesion progression after stroke. On the other side, ischemic brain injury perturbs systemic immune homeostasis and results in long-lasting changes of systemic immunity. Here, we briefly summarize current concepts in local neuroinflammation and the systemic immune responses after stroke, and highlight two promising therapeutic strategies for poststroke inflammation.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: K, KIYOTA;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Neurochem...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Neurochemistry
    Article . 1959 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Neurochem...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Neurochemistry
      Article . 1959 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Moemi Matsuo; Takashi Higuchi; Hiroya Miyabara; Misako Higashijima; +4 Authors

    Background: A better understanding of the network responses of cortical activities during rest and cognitive tasks is necessary. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate cerebral activities during attentional tasks by using mobile electroencephalography, identifying the types of attentional components and brain waves. Methods: In this experimental study, we enrolled 12 healthy young adults. The attentional tasks comprised parts A and B of the Trail-Making Test (TMT). Nineteen electroencephalography electrodes were placed over various brain regions. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to examine the differences in power levels between the rest and TMT conditions. Results: During TMT part A, the electroencephalography power level of the delta waves was significantly higher in the right frontal, left central, left occipital, left inferior frontal, right mid-temporal, right posterior temporal, and middle parietal areas (P < .05) than those during the resting state; that of the alpha waves was significantly lower in the left posterior temporal area (P = .006); and that of the high gamma waves was significantly lower in the left parietal (P = .05) and left occipital (P = .002) areas. During TMT part B, the electroencephalography power level of the beta waves was significantly higher in the right frontal area (P = .041) than that during the resting state, and that of the low gamma waves was significantly higher in the left frontal pole, right frontal, and right inferior frontal areas (P < .05). During the focused attentional task, the power level of the delta waves increased and that of the alpha waves decreased, and during the alternating attentional task, those of both the beta and gamma waves increased. The delta waves were related to the whole brain, the alpha and high gamma waves to the left posterior lobe, and the beta and low gamma waves to both frontal lobes. Conclusion: These findings contribute to the basic knowledge necessary to develop new attentional assessment methods for clinical situations.

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    Medicine
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC
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    Medicine
    Article . 2023
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      Medicine
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY NC
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      Medicine
      Article . 2023
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Y, TSUKADA; G, TAKAGAKI;

    AN intimate relationship between nervous activity and ammonia formation had already been suggested by Tashiro1, and recently Richter and Dawson2 have pointed out the great significance of the rapid formation of ammonia in brain tissue, relating brain activity to functional metabolism.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Naturearrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Nature
    Article . 1954 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
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    Nature
    Article . 1954