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13,014 Research products (1 rule applied)

  • Neuroinformatics
  • Brain Research

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  • Authors: C, Foroglou; M, Dolivo; E, Zander; G, Foroglou;
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: David M. Jacobowitz; Ikuo Mizawa; Henry A. Sloviter;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Brain Research
    Article . 1976 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
    Brain Research
    Article . 1976
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Brain Research
      Article . 1976 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
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      Brain Research
      Article . 1976
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: John, Servider; Jordan R, Saadon; Joseph, Adachi; Erica, Shen; +2 Authors

    Prognosticating recovery of consciousness after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a difficult task. Understanding the mechanism of recovery of consciousness in these patients will undoubtedly help clarify this issue. Recent research has underscored the importance of electrophysiological data in characterizing the state of the brain during this period of unconsciousness. Here, we investigated cortical electrophysiological recordings from a single TBI patient and discovered that high-frequency activity associated with the return of consciousness reappeared in a spatiotemporal fashion. We observed a shift toward higher frequencies first in the anterior cingulate cortex, and then later in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. This finding suggests that recovery may originate in more internal cortices and progress to superficial ones. Although this observation occurred in a single patient, it points to a potential mechanism for recovery of normal cortical activity in the return of consciousness following TBI.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Brain Research
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Brain Research
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Roozbe, Bonsale; Rosmara, Infantino; Michela, Perrone; Ida, Marabese; +6 Authors

    Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) refer to multiple acquired dysfunctions arising from damage to the brain caused by an external force, including rapid acceleration/deceleration and concussion. Among them, mild TBI (mTBI) accounts for most cases (up to 90%) of injuries. It is responsible for a variety of symptoms, including anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairments that remain difficult to be treated. It has been reported that regular physical activity, as well as, improving life quality, display a neuroprotective function, suggesting a possible role in post-traumatic rehabilitation. In this study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise in a mice mTBI model by behavioural, electrophysiological and neurochemical analysis. Daily exercise decreased anxiety, aggressive behavior, and depression in mTBI mice. Accordingly, electrophysiological and neurochemical maladaptive rearrangement occurring in the hippocampus of mTBI mice were prevented by the exercise.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Brain Research
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC ND
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Brain Research
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY NC ND
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: F, Suzuki; H, Hayashi; O, Hayaishi;

    We examined the brain uptake of prostaglandin D2 after its i.v. administration to mice. The determination of this prostaglandin in tissues was performed by a sensitive and rapid radioimmunoassay after purification of the prostaglandin by high-performance liquid chromatography. When 1.0 mg/kg of prostaglandin D2 was injected, it was detectable in the brain 30 s after its administration (44 ng/g brain, about 0.08% of the administered dose). Brain uptake of prostaglandin D2 was dose-dependent over the dose range from 0.1 to 1.0 mg/kg and its half-life in the brain and blood was 1.1 and 0.9 min, respectively. The brain/blood ratio of the prostaglandin D2 concentration was 0.03 at 30 s and gradually increased to 0.2 during the first 15 min. These results suggest that prostaglandin D2 is taken up intact by the brain and disappears rapidly. Studies on the metabolic fate of tritium-labeled prostaglandin D2 revealed that it was a major component at 1 min, was metabolized to a number of hydrophilic and hydrophobic substances in the brain, whereas it was metabolized to mainly hydrophilic substances in the blood at 6 and 15 min, and the total radioactivities were cleared from the brain and blood with half-lives of 1.6 and 1.5 min, respectively.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Brain Research
    Article . 1986 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
    Brain Research
    Article . 1986
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Brain Research
      Article . 1986 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
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      Brain Research
      Article . 1986
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  • Authors: D H, Versteeg; E R, De Kloet; D, De Wied;
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  • Authors: W, Zeman; D, Karcher; N, Chamoles; A, Lowenthal;
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Jessica M. Sharkey; Ryan D. Quarrington; Justin L. Krieg; Lola Kaukas; +4 Authors

    Damage to the axonal white matter tracts within the brain is a key cause of neurological impairment and long-term disability following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Understanding how axonal injury develops following TBI requires gyrencephalic models that undergo shear strain and tissue deformation similar to the clinical situation and investigation of the effects of post-injury insults like hypoxia. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of post-traumatic hypoxia on axonal injury and inflammation in a sheep model of TBI. Fourteen male Merino sheep were allocated to receive a single TBI via a modified humane captive bolt animal stunner, or sham surgery, followed by either a 15 min period of hypoxia or maintenance of normoxia. Head kinematics were measured in injured animals. Brains were assessed for axonal damage, microglia and astrocyte accumulation and inflammatory cytokine expression at 4 hrs following injury. Early axonal injury was characterised by calpain activation, with significantly increased SNTF immunoreactivity, a proteolytic fragment of alpha-II spectrin, but not with impaired axonal transport, as measured by amyloid precursor protein (APP) immunoreactivity. Early axonal injury was associated with an increase in GFAP levels within the CSF, but not with increases in IBA1 or GFAP+ve cells, nor in levels of TNFα, IL1β or IL6 within the cerebrospinal fluid or white matter. No additive effect of post-injury hypoxia was noted on axonal injury or inflammation. This study provides further support that axonal injury post-TBI is driven by different pathophysiological mechanisms, and detection requires specific markers targeting multiple injury mechanisms. Treatment may also need to be tailored for injury severity and timing post-injury to target the correct injury pathway.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Brain Research
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Brain Research
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Rebecca Schmitt; Kathiravan Kaliyappan; Vijaya Prakash Krishnan Muthaiah; Tracey A. Ignatowski; +2 Authors

    Disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a critical component of traumatic brain injury (TBI) progression. However, further research into the mechanism of BBB disruption and its specific role in TBI pathophysiology is necessary. To help make progress in elucidating TBI affected BBB pathophysiology, we report herein relative gene expression of eleven TBI biomarkers and other factors of neuronal function in human brain microvascular cells (HBMVEC), one of the main cell types in the BBB. Our in-vitro blast TBI model employs a custom acoustic shock tube to deliver injuries of varying intensities to HBMVECs in culture. Each of the investigated genes exhibit a significant change in expression as a response to TBI, which is dependent on both the injury intensity and time following the injury. This data suggests that cell signaling of HBMVECs could be essential to understanding the interaction of the BBB and TBI pathophysiology, warranting future investigation.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Brain Research
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Brain Research
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
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13,014 Research products (1 rule applied)
  • Authors: C, Foroglou; M, Dolivo; E, Zander; G, Foroglou;
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: David M. Jacobowitz; Ikuo Mizawa; Henry A. Sloviter;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Brain Research
    Article . 1976 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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    Brain Research
    Article . 1976
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Brain Research
      Article . 1976 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
      Data sources: Crossref
      Brain Research
      Article . 1976
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: John, Servider; Jordan R, Saadon; Joseph, Adachi; Erica, Shen; +2 Authors

    Prognosticating recovery of consciousness after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a difficult task. Understanding the mechanism of recovery of consciousness in these patients will undoubtedly help clarify this issue. Recent research has underscored the importance of electrophysiological data in characterizing the state of the brain during this period of unconsciousness. Here, we investigated cortical electrophysiological recordings from a single TBI patient and discovered that high-frequency activity associated with the return of consciousness reappeared in a spatiotemporal fashion. We observed a shift toward higher frequencies first in the anterior cingulate cortex, and then later in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. This finding suggests that recovery may originate in more internal cortices and progress to superficial ones. Although this observation occurred in a single patient, it points to a potential mechanism for recovery of normal cortical activity in the return of consciousness following TBI.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Brain Research
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Brain Researcharrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Brain Research
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
      Data sources: Crossref
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    Authors: Roozbe, Bonsale; Rosmara, Infantino; Michela, Perrone; Ida, Marabese; +6 Authors

    Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) refer to multiple acquired dysfunctions arising from damage to the brain caused by an external force, including rapid acceleration/deceleration and concussion. Among them, mild TBI (mTBI) accounts for most cases (up to 90%) of injuries. It is responsible for a variety of symptoms, including anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairments that remain difficult to be treated. It has been reported that regular physical activity, as well as, improving life qua