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  • Neuroinformatics
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Scholtens, L.H.;

    The mammalian brain is a highly complex organ, with a broad range of regional microscale cellular morphologies and macroscale global properties, together forming an efficient system for processing and integration of multimodal information. Scientists investigating the brain across different species and across scales of observation have reported on a large regional variability in brain organization. For example on the microscale, large variation in cortical microscale cyto-, myelo- and chemoarchitecture has been observed. On the macroscale of corticocortical connectivity, regions have widely differing connectivity profiles with some regions connecting to regions broadly distributed across the cortex, while others have mostly local connections. Variability in both scales of organization has been observed to coincide with differentiated functional roles of cortical regions within the healthy brain, as well as with disease-related biomarkers. How cortical organization on the micro and macroscale interact – and how this interaction influences brain function in disease – remains largely an open question. The work presented in this thesis explores the association between whole-brain patterns of microscale architecture and macroscale region-to-region connectivity.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NARCIS; Utrecht Univ...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NARCIS; Utrecht Univ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Boswinkel, Vivian;

    This thesis gives insights into neonatal brain injury, brain growth and neurodevelopmental outcome in moderate-late preterm (MLPT) infants, born at 32–36 weeks’ gestation. Additionally, we describe the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants with cerebellar hemorrhage (CBH). In Chapter 2 we give an overview of the literature regarding brain injury and development in MLPT infants. Most frequently studied types of brain injury were intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Incidences of other forms of brain injury were sparsely reported. In addition, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the effect of brain injury on neurodevelopmental outcome in MLPT infants. In Chapter 3, we investigate current practice regarding neurological surveillance in MLPT infants in the Netherlands and Canada. We found variations in local practices regarding e.g. admission criteria, neuroimaging and follow-up. This may partially be explained by the lack of guidelines regarding care of MLPT infants. The above indicates that considerable knowledge about MLPT infants is still lacking. By conducting a prospective cohort study, we sought to fill some of the gaps in knowledge. The BIMP-study (Brain Imaging in Moderate-late Preterm infants) was performed between 2017-2019 at the Isala Women and children’s Center in Zwolle, the Netherlands. MLPT infants underwent cranial ultrasound and MRI. In the BIMP-cohort (n= 166), a high incidence of mild brain lesions (71.7%) was found. Frequent findings were signs suggestive of white matter injury, and small hemorrhages, including CBH. Moderate-severe brain lesions were seen in 3.6% of infants. We compared linear measurements of brain structures between MLPT and full-term infants. Biparietal diameter and basal ganglia width were smaller in MLPT infants. We found no differences in linear measurements or in brain volumes between moderate preterm (MP, 32+0–33+6 weeks) and late preterm infants (LP, 34+0–35+6 weeks). Mild brain lesions had no effect on brain volumes (Chapters 4, 5 and 6). In Chapter 7, we present a preliminary overview of the follow-up of 85 MLPT infants who have now reached 24 months of age. Almost one in three (30.6%) had an suboptimal outcome score. Given the descriptive nature of this overview and the fact that follow-up is still ongoing, we could not yet draw any further conclusions. In Chapter 8, we explore the association between the size and location of CBH in preterm infants ≤34 weeks (n = 218) and neurological outcome around two years of age. All infants with massive CBH and involvement of the vermis on neonatal MRI had a less favorable outcome. Infants with limited CBH had a more favorable outcome than infants with massive CBH. Although much research is still needed to provide strict recommendations, we advise the following based on our findings and the current literature: - Standard neuroimaging in MLPT infants does not seem warranted at present. - Use a low threshold for accepting MLPT infants in neurodevelopmental follow-up programs and interventions as they are at risk of neurodevelopmental and behavioral problems. - Assess CBH based on size and location. With a special note on vermian involvement.

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    Doctoral thesis . 2021
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    https://doi.org/10.33540/832...
    Thesis . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      NARCIS
      Doctoral thesis . 2021
      Data sources: NARCIS
      https://doi.org/10.33540/832...
      Thesis . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Roth, P.; Pace, A.; Rhun, E. le; Weller, M.; +15 Authors
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    NARCIS
    Article . 2021
    Data sources: NARCIS
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    Annals of Oncology; NARCIS
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier Non-Commercial
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    Annals of Oncology
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      Article . 2021
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      Annals of Oncology; NARCIS
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Janssens, Shanice Elisabeth Wilhelmus;

    Imagine yourself at a crowded train station, trying to find one of your friends. Hundreds of people are passing by, and several trains are coming in and out of the station. In such an overcrowded environment, it is impossible to simultaneously process all visual stimuli in full detail. To find your friend, you can scan the environment by focussing on consecutive locations in space. How does your brain accomplish that? This thesis investigated how different brain regions communicate with one another using brain waves, to allow you to shift attention through visual space. Using a combination of brain stimulation and neuroimaging methods, this thesis highlighted the interactions between brain areas responsible for vision and attention. Understanding how attention is accomplished by the healthy human brain can help us understand what might go wrong in attention disorders, and may ultimately guide us towards novel treatment strategies to improve attention.

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    Doctoral thesis . 2022
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      Doctoral thesis . 2022
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    Authors: Mastrandrea, Rossana; Cecchetti, Luca; Lettieri, Giada; Handjaras, Giacomo; +8 Authors

    AbstractNarratives are paradigmatic examples of natural language, where nouns represent a proxy of information. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies revealed the recruitment of temporal cortices during noun processing and the existence of a noun-specific network at rest. Yet, it is unclear whether, in narratives, changes in noun density influence the brain functional connectivity, so that the coupling between regions correlates with information load. We acquired fMRI activity in healthy individuals listening to a narrative with noun density changing over time and measured whole-network and node-specific degree and betweenness centrality. Network measures were correlated with information magnitude with a time-varying approach. Noun density correlated positively with the across-regions average number of connections and negatively with the average betweenness centrality, suggesting the pruning of peripheral connections as information decreased. Locally, the degree of the bilateral anterior superior temporal sulcus (aSTS) was positively associated with nouns. Importantly, aSTS connectivity cannot be explained by changes in other parts of speech (e.g., verbs) or syllable density. Our results indicate that the brain recalibrates its global connectivity as a function of the information conveyed by nouns in natural language. Also, using naturalistic stimulation and network metrics, we corroborate the role of aSTS in noun processing.

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    Scientific Reports
    Article . 2023
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    Scientific Reports
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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      Scientific Reports
      Article . 2023
      Data sources: NARCIS
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      Scientific Reports
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Jansen, P.R.; Dremmen, M.; Berg, A. van den; Dekkers, I.A.; +15 Authors

    Brain MRI in 3966 children from the population-based Generation R Study (mean age, 10.1 years) revealed incidental findings in 25.6%. Most findings did not require neurosurgical intervention, but 7 children (0.18%) had suspected primary brain tumors.

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    Article . 2017
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    LUMC Scholarly Publications
    Other literature type . 2017
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    NARCIS; New England Journal of Medicine
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Article . 2017
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Article . 2017
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    New England Journal of Medicine
    Article . 2017
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    LUMC Scholarly Publications; NARCIS
    Other literature type . Article . 2017
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Article . 2017
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Article . 2017
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Article . 2017
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      New England Journal of Medicine
      Article . 2017
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Other literature type . Article . 2017
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Article . 2017
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Authors: M. Korenar; J. Treffers-Daller; C. Pliatsikas;

    AbstractBilingualism has been linked to structural adaptations of subcortical brain regions that are important for controlling multiple languages. However, research on the location and extent of these adaptations has yielded variable patterns, especially as far as the subcortical regions are concerned. Existing literature on bilingualism-induced brain restructuring has so far largely overseen evidence from other domains showing that experience-based structural neuroplasticity often triggers non-linear adaptations which follow expansion-renormalisation trajectories. Here we use generalised additive mixed models to investigate the non-linear effects of quantified bilingual experiences on the basal ganglia and the thalamus in a sample of bilinguals with a wide range of bilingual experiences. Our results revealed that volumes of the bilateral caudate nucleus and nucleus accumbens were significantly related to bilingual experiences. Importantly, these followed a non-linear pattern, with increases followed by plateauing in the most experienced bilinguals, suggesting that experience-based volumetric increases are only necessary up to a certain level of bilingual experience. Moreover, the volumes of putamen and thalamus were positively predicted by bilingual experiences. The results offer the first direct evidence that bilingualism, similarly to other cognitively demanding skills, leads to dynamic subcortical structural adaptations which can be nonlinear, in line with expansion-renormalisation models of experience-dependent neuroplasticity.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NARCISarrow_drop_down
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    Article . 2023
    Data sources: NARCIS
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      Article . 2023
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    Authors: Lührs, Michael;

    This dissertation considers the creation and advancement of methods for real-time Brain-Computer-Interface (BCI) applications. The developed methods were designed for two functional brain-imaging modalities, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), both relying on the hemodynamic brain response. The aim was to evolve comprehensive methods for neurofeedback (NFB) applications available to a wider range of researchers. In NFB experiments the brain activity in specific areas was shown to the participants to teach them to self-regulate their brain function. First the automatized selection of target areas for real-time fMRI (rt-fMRI) BCI applications were presented. We then investigated the benefits of technological advancements in MR-image acquisition allowing high temporal resolutions for neurofeedback presentations. Finally, a new software was developed (Turbo-Satori) for mobile BCI applications using fNIRS – a mobile brain spectroscopy method.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ https://cris.maastri...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Doctoral thesis . 2018
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    Authors: Chenyan Zhang; Christian Beste; Luisa Prochazkova; Kangcheng Wang; +4 Authors

    Abstract Numerous studies demonstrate that moment-to-moment neural variability is behaviorally relevant and beneficial for tasks and behaviors requiring cognitive flexibility. However, it remains unclear whether the positive effect of neural variability also holds for cognitive persistence. Moreover, different brain variability measures have been used in previous studies, yet comparisons between them are lacking. In the current study, we examined the association between resting-state BOLD signal variability and two metacontrol policies (i.e., persistence vs. flexibility). Brain variability was estimated from resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) data using three different approaches (i.e., Standard Deviation (SD), Mean Square Successive Difference (MSSD), and sliding time-window correlation (SWC)) and metacontrol biases were assessed by three metacontrol-sensitive tasks. Results showed that brain variability measured by SD and MSSD was highly positively related, while SWC measured variability was not related to the other two measures. Critically, higher variability measured by MSSD in the attention network, parietal and frontal network, frontal and ACC network, parietal and motor network, and higher variability measured by SD in the parietal and motor network, parietal and frontal network were associated with reduced persistence (or greater flexibility) of metacontrol (i.e., larger Stroop effect or worse RAT performance). Our findings show that the beneficial effect of brain signal variability on cognitive control depends on the metacontrol states involved. Moreover, different brain variability measures may capture different aspects of variability and can result in different brain-behavior relationships.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NARCIS; Scientific R...arrow_drop_down
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    https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3....
    Preprint . 2022
    License: CC BY
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Article . 2022
    Data sources: NARCIS
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3....
      Preprint . 2022
      License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      Article . 2022
      Data sources: NARCIS
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    Authors: Cardoso, André L B D; Sá-Caputo, Danúbia C; Asad, Nasser R; van Heuvelen, Marieke J G; +3 Authors

    Brain disorders have been a health challenge and is increasing over the years. Early diagnosis and interventions are considered essential strategies to treat patients at risk of brain disease. Physical exercise has shown to be beneficial for patients with brain diseases. A type of exercise intervention known as whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise gained increasing interest. During WBV, mechanical vibrations, produced by a vibrating platform are transmitted, to the body. The purpose of the current review was to summarize the effects of WBV exercise on brain function and behavior in experimental studies with animal models. Searches were performed in EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science including publications from 1960 to July 2021, using the keywords "whole body vibration" AND (animal or mice or mouse or rat or rodent). From 1284 hits, 20 papers were selected. Rats were the main animal model used (75%) followed by mice (20%) and porcine model (5%), 16 studies used males species and 4 females. The risk of bias, accessed with the SYRCLE Risk of Bias tool, indicated that none of the studies fulfilled all methodological criteria, resulting in possible bias. Despite heterogeneity, the results suggest beneficial effects of WBV exercise on brain functioning, mainly related to motor performance, coordination, behavioral control, neuronal plasticity and synapse function. In conclusion, the findings observed in animal studies justifies continued clinical research regarding the effectiveness and potential of WBV for the treatment of various types of brain disorders such as trauma, developmental disorders, neurogenetic diseases and other neurological diseases.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Scholtens, L.H.;

    The mammalian brain is a highly complex organ, with a broad range of regional microscale cellular morphologies and macroscale global properties, together forming an efficient system for processing and integration of multimodal information. Scientists investigating the brain across different species and across scales of observation have reported on a large regional variability in brain organization. For example on the microscale, large variation in cortical microscale cyto-, myelo- and chemoarchitecture has been observed. On the macroscale of corticocortical connectivity, regions have widely differing connectivity profiles with some regions connecting to regions broadly distributed across the cortex, while others have mostly local connections. Variability in both scales of organization has been observed to coincide with differentiated functional roles of cortical regions within the healthy brain, as well as with disease-related biomarkers. How cortical organization on the micro and macroscale interact – and how this interaction influences brain function in disease – remains largely an open question. The work presented in this thesis explores the association between whole-brain patterns of microscale architecture and macroscale region-to-region connectivity.

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    Authors: Boswinkel, Vivian;

    This thesis gives insights into neonatal brain injury, brain growth and neurodevelopmental outcome in moderate-late preterm (MLPT) infants, born at 32–36 weeks’ gestation. Additionally, we describe the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants with cerebellar hemorrhage (CBH). In Chapter 2 we give an overview of the literature regarding brain injury and development in MLPT infants. Most frequently studied types of brain injury were intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Incidences of other forms of brain injury were sparsely reported. In addition, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the effect of brain injury on neurodevelopmental outcome in MLPT infants. In Chapter 3, we investigate current practice regarding neurological surveillance in MLPT infants in the Netherlands and Canada. We found variations in local practices regarding e.g. admission criteria, neuroimaging and follow-up. This may partially be explained by the lack of guidelines regarding care of MLPT infants. The above indicates that considerable knowledge about MLPT infants is still lacking. By conducting a prospective cohort study, we sought to fill some of the gaps in knowledge. The BIMP-study (Brain Imaging in Moderate-late Preterm infants) was performed between 2017-2019 at the Isala Women and children’s Center in Zwolle, the Netherlands. MLPT infants underwent cranial ultrasound and MRI. In the BIMP-cohort (n= 166), a high incidence of mild brain lesions (71.7%) was found. Frequent findings were signs suggestive of white matter injury, and small hemorrhages, including CBH. Moderate-severe brain lesions were seen in 3.6% of infants. We compared linear measurements of brain structures between MLPT and full-term infants. Biparietal diameter and basal ganglia width were smaller in MLPT infants. We found no differences in linear measurements or in brain volumes between moderate preterm (MP, 32+0–33+6 weeks) and late preterm infants (LP, 34+0–35+6 weeks). Mild brain lesions had no effect on brain volumes (Chapters 4, 5 and 6). In Chapter 7, we present a preliminary overview of the follow-up of 85 MLPT infants who have now reached 24 months of age. Almost one in three (30.6%) had an suboptimal outcome score. Given the descriptive nature of this overview and the fact that follow-up is still ongoing, we could not yet draw any further conclusions. In Chapter 8, we explore the association between the size and location of CBH in preterm infants ≤34 weeks (n = 218) and neurological outcome around two years of age. All infants with massive CBH and involvement of the vermis on neonatal MRI had a less favorable outcome. Infants with limited CBH had a more favorable outcome than infants with massive CBH. Although much research is still needed to provide strict recommendations, we advise the following based on our findings and the current literature: - Standard neuroimaging in MLPT infants does not seem warranted at present. - Use a low threshold for accepting MLPT infants in neurodevelopmental follow-up programs and interventions as they are at risk of neurodevelopmental and behavioral problems. - Assess CBH based on size and location. With a special note on vermian involvement.

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    Doctoral thesis . 2021
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    https://doi.org/10.33540/832...
    Thesis . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.33540/832...
      Thesis . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref
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    Authors: Roth, P.; Pace, A.; Rhun, E. le; Weller, M.; +15 Authors
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    Article . 2021
    Data sources: NARCIS
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    Annals of Oncology; NARCIS
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier Non-Commercial
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    Annals of Oncology
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