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Neuroinformatics

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229,311 research outcomes, page 1 of 11,466
  • publication . Article . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Jingxian Wu; Luyu Zhang; Yanlin Chen; Shanshan Yu; Yong Zhao; Jing Zhao;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd

    Recent studies have shown that induced expression of endogenous antioxidative enzymes thr-ough activation of the antioxidant response element/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway may be a neuroprotective strategy. In this study, rat cerebral cortic...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2012
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Manish Gutch; Nirdesh Jain; Avinash Agrawal; Aniyang Modi;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: BMJ

    A 26 year-old-man developed progressive weakness of all limbs, hoarseness of voice and dysphagia over a period of 10 days. The patient was conscious, oriented and vital parameters were within normal limits. Neurological examination revealed; horizontal and torsional nys...

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  • publication . Article . Conference object . 2010
    Restricted
    Authors:
    Tzyy-Ping Jung; Kuan-Chih Huang; Chun-Hsiang Chuang; Jian-Ann Chen; Li-Wei Ko; Tzai-Wen Chiu; Chin-Teng Lin;
    Persistent Identifiers

    This study explores electroencephalographic (EEG) dynamics and behavioral changes in response to arousing auditory signals presented to individuals experiencing momentary cognitive lapses. Arousing auditory feedback was delivered to the subjects in half of the non-respo...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Issac Rhim; Gabriela Coello-Reyes; Hee-kyoung Ko; Ian Nauhaus;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: American Physiological Society

    <jats:p> Studies in the mouse retina have characterized the spatial distribution of an anisotropic ganglion cell and photoreceptor mosaic, which provides a solid foundation to study how the cortex pools from afferent parallel color channels. In particular, the mouse’s r...

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  • publication . Article . 2011
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Makoto Kato;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEE Japan)
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  • publication . Article . 2011
    Restricted
    Authors:
    Edoardo Scarcello; Francesco Morrone; Paolo Piro; Salvatore Tarsitano; F Intrieri; Salvatore Vaccarella; Emilio Guerra; Raffaele Serra; Stefano de Franciscis;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Background S-100 protein is a family of low molecular weight proteins found in vertebrates characterized by two calcium binding sites of the helix-loop-helix (“EF-hand type”) conformation. There are at least 21 different types of S-100 proteins. The name is derived from...

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  • publication . Article . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Shuai Qie; Yu-Ge Ran; Huibin Yang; Guimin Cui; Miaoling Liu; Xiaojing Sun; Yuan Tian; Wenfan Sun; Nan Li; Chan Liu;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Health

    Abstract Introduction: At present, there is no uniform consensus on the treatment of brain metastases from esophageal cancer. The studies on the treatment of brain metastases from esophageal cancer by radiotherapy combined with temozolomide (TMZ) are even rarer. Patient...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2007
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Lim, C. C. T.; Esben Thade Petersen; Ng, I.; Hwang, P. Y. K.; Hui, F.; Golay, X.;
    Persistent Identifiers

    SUMMARY: We applied regional perfusion imaging (RPI), a new arterial spin-labeling MR imaging method that selectively studies regions of the brain perfused by individual carotid and basilar arteries. In a patient with cerebrovascular disease, RPI showed cerebral tissue ...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2006
    Restricted
    Authors:
    M. Ömer Bostanci; Faruk Bağirici;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    The common features of all types of epilepsy are the synchronized and uncontrolled discharges of nerve cell assemblies. The reason for the pathologically synchronized discharges of the neuron is not exactly known yet. Recent reports claim that gap junctions have a criti...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2011
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Simon Lacey; Henrik Hagtvedt; Vanessa M. Patrick; Amy Anderson; Randall Stilla; Gopikrishna Deshpande; Xiaoping Hu; João Ricardo Sato; Srinivas K. Reddy; Krish Sathian;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    A recent study showed that people evaluate products more positively when they are physically associated with art images than similar non-art images. Neuroimaging studies of visual art have investigated artistic style and esthetic preference but not brain responses attri...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2013
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Merle T. Fairhurst; Petr Janata; Peter E. Keller;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)

    Cooperation is intrinsic to the human ability to work together toward common goals, and depends on sensing and reacting to dynamically changing relationships between coacting partners. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a paradigm in which an adaptiv...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2002
    Restricted
    Authors:
    Boong-Nyun Kim; Jae Sung Lee; Min-Sup Shin; Soo-Churl Cho; Dong Soo Lee;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Objective: A voxel based investigation of cerebral blood flow was conducted to identify brain function differences in the resting state between children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and normal controls. Method: Using DSM-IV criteria, we selected ...

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  • publication . Article . 2020
    Open Access Russian
    Authors:
    L. V. Lukina; V. A. Mikhailov; N. I. Ananyeva; G. E. Mazo; L. I. Sitnik; E. D. Kasyanov;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: IMA-PRESS LLC

    <jats:p>Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease with hitherto unknown etiology and pathogenesis. It is extremely rare for clinicians to encounter histiocytic lesions of the central nervous system (CNS); the proportion of cases of which is only 1–4% of all ...

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  • publication . Article . 2006
    Restricted
    Authors:
    Eric Brunet-Gouet; Jean Decety;
    Persistent Identifiers

    Several studies have indicated that schizophrenic patients show impaired performance in various aspects of social cognition, including theory of mind, emotion processing, and agency judgments. Neuroimaging studies that have compared patients and healthy subjects during ...

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  • publication . Article . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Nils C. Landmeyer; Inga Dzionsko; Inga Dzionsko; Laura Brockhoff; Laura Brockhoff; Heinz Wiendl; Gregor Domes; Jens Bölte; Julia Krämer; Sven G. Meuth; ...
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

    Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) is an early and frequent symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Likewise, affective symptoms (e.g., depression and anxiety) and alterations in the processing of emotional stimuli have been frequently reported. Thus, abilities that inte...

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  • publication . Preprint . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Liisa Raud; René Westerhausen; Niamh Dooley; René J. Huster;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Response inhibition refers to the suppression of prepared or initiated actions. Typically, the go/no-go task (GNGT) or the stop signal task (SST) are used interchangeably to capture individual differences in response inhibition. ...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Derek Evan Nee; Andrew Jahn; Joshua W. Brown;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Oxford University Press

    The functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) underlie higher-level cognition. Varying proposals suggest that the PFC is organized along a rostral-caudal gradient of abstraction with more abstract representations/processes associated with more rostral areas. However, the...

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  • publication . Article . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Ken Kazumata; Khin Khin Tha; Haruto Uchino; Masaki Ito; Naoki Nakayama; Takeo Abumiya;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Public Library of Science

    Detection of subtle ischemic injuries in moyamoya disease may enable optimization of timing of revascularization surgery, and could potentially improve functional outcomes. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) is widely used to study functional ...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Wenliang Yuan; Shouwen Jiang; Dan Sun; Zhichao Wu; Cai Wei; Chaoxu Dai; Linhua Jiang; Sihua Peng;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Background</jats:title> <jats:p>Similar to humans, the zebrafish brain plays a central role in regulating sexual reproduction, maturation and sexual behavior. However, systematic studies of the dimorphic patterns ...

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  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2010
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Thomas J. Crowley; Manish S. Dalwani; Susan K. Mikulich-Gilbertson; Yiping P. Du; Carl W. Lejuez; Kristen M. Raymond; Marie T. Banich;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Public Library of Science
    Project: WT , NIH | SUBSTANCE USE &CONDUCT DI... (4R37DA009842-06)

    Background: Adolescents with conduct and substance problems (‘‘Antisocial Substance Disorder’’ (ASD)) repeatedly engage in risky antisocial and drug-using behaviors. We hypothesized that, during processing of risky decisions and resulting rewards and punishments, brain ...

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229,311 research outcomes, page 1 of 11,466