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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kerbiriou, Xavier;

    Les applications potentielles du carbure de silicium (SiC) en microélectronique ont motivé de nombreuses études sur les défauts ponctuels, qui jouent un rôle important dans la compensation électrique. Ce matériau possède en outre de nombreux atouts pour participer au confinement des matières fissiles dans les réacteurs à caloporteur gazeux du futur (4ème génération). Dans cette thèse, nous avons utilisé la Résonance Paramagnétique Electronique et la Spectroscopie d'Annihilation de Positons pour étudier les propriétés (nature, taille, état de charge, migration et agglomération sous recuit) des défauts ponctuels natifs et induits par irradiation avec différentes particules (H+, e-, ions carbone) dans les polytypes 3C et 6H de SiC. L'étude par annihilation de positons des défauts natifs dans 6H-SiC a permis de mettre en évidence une forte concentration de pièges non lacunaires de type accepteur, qui ne sont pas présents dans les cristaux 3C-SiC. La nature des défauts détectés après irradiation aux électrons de basse énergie (190keV) dépend du polytype. En effet, si des paires de Frenkel de silicium et des monolacunes de carbone sont détectées dans les cristaux 6H, seules des monolacunes de carbone sont détectées dans les cristaux 3C. Nous proposons que ces différences quant aux populations de défauts ponctuels détectés résultent de valeurs différentes des énergies de seuil de déplacement du silicium dans les deux polytypes (environ 20eV pour 6H et 25eV pour 3C). Par ailleurs, les irradiations avec des protons de 12MeV et des ions carbone de 132MeV créent des monolacunes de silicium ainsi que des bilacunes VSi-VC. Ni la particule (protons ou ions carbone), ni le polytype (3C ou 6H) n'influent sur la nature des défauts générés. Enfin l'étude du recuit de monocristaux 6H-SiC irradiés avec des protons de 12MeV a permis de mettre en évidence plusieurs processus successifs. Le résultat le plus original est l'agglomération des monolacunes de silicium avec les bilacunes VSi-VC qui mène à la formation de trilacunes VSi-VC-VSi. Potential applications of silicon carbide (SiC) in micro-electronics have justified many studies on point defects, which play an important role in the electrical compensation. Moreover, this material has many assets to take part in the fissile materials confining in the gas cooled reactors of the future (4th generation). In this thesis, we have used Electronic Paramagnetic Resonance and Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy to study the properties of point defects (nature, size, charge state, migration and agglomeration during annealing), either native or induced by irradiation with various particles (H+, e-, carbon ions), in the 3C and 6H polytypes of SiC. The positron annihilation study of native defects in 6H-SiC has shown the presence of a strong concentration of non-vacancy traps of acceptor type, which are not present in the 3C-SiC crystals. The nature of the defects detected after irradiation with low energy electrons (190keV) depends on the polytype. Indeed, while silicon Frenkel pairs and carbon monovacancies are detected in the 6H crystals, only carbon monovacancies are detected in the 3C crystals. We propose that these differences concerning the populations of detected point defects result from different values of the silicon displacement threshold energy for the two polytypes (approximately 20eV for 6H and 25V for 3C). In addition, the irradiations with 12MeV protons and 132MeV carbon ions have created silicon monovacancies as well as VSi-VC divacancies. Neither the particle (protons or ions carbon), nor the polytype (3C or 6H) influence the nature of the generated defects. Finally the study of the annealing of 6H-SiC monocrystals irradiated with 12MeV protons have revealed several successive processes. The most original result is the agglomeration of the silicon monovacancies with the VSi-VC divacancies which leads to the formation of VSi-VC-VSi trivacancies.

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    Other literature type . 2006
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      Other literature type . 2006
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    Authors: Tillier, Mathieu;

    Cet article entreprend de retracer les innovations judiciaires qui eurent lieu en Égypte au premier âge abbasside, à travers une étude des cadis connus pour avoir été les premiers à adopter une pratique donnée. Dans la seconde moitié du IIe/VIIIe siècle, le rayonnement du milieu juridique égyptien - attaché de manière critique à l'école médinoise - se manifesta jusqu'à la cour abbasside, qui construisit en partie sa centralité par assimilation de modèles provinciaux. L'attraction à Bagdad de plusieurs juristes ou cadis égyptiens provoqua en retour, à Fusṭāṭ, l'adoption de nouvelles pratiques judiciaires vraisemblablement inspirées par des modèles iraqiens. La centralisation de la judicature par al-Manṣūr et ses successeurs, qui envoyèrent en Égypte une série de cadis formés en Iraq, accentua encore l'influence des pratiques iraqiennes sur le tribunal de Fusṭāṭ. Paradoxalement, l'affirmation de l'autorité centrale sur la judicature égyptienne mit également en branle une dynamique d'innovations provinciales : la désignation à Fusṭāṭ de cadis non égyptiens provoqua une réorganisation de l'appareil judiciaire au tournant du IIIe/IXe siècle, notamment par la création de nouveaux réseaux et la mise en place d'un corps de témoins professionnels dont l'usage contamina d'autres provinces du califat. This article recounts the judicial innovations that developed in Egypt during the early Abbasid caliphate, through an analysis of qāḍī-s who were the first to adopt a legal practice. The Egyptian legal milieu, which was critically committed to the Medinese school, had some influence in the middle of the 2nd/8th century as far as the Abbasid court, which developed partly its centrality by assimilating provincial models. In return, the attraction of several prominent jurists or qāḍī-s to Bagdad caused the adoption, in Fusṭāṭ, of new judicial practices inspired by Iraqi models. Centralisation of judgeship under al-Manṣūr and his successors, who send in Egypt a series of qāḍī-s trained in Iraq, increased even more the influence of Iraqi practices on the court of Fusṭāṭ. As a paradox, the reinforcement of central authority on the Egyptian judgeship set also in motion a dynamic of local innovations: the designation in Fusṭāṭ of non-Egyptian qāḍī-s caused a reorganisation of the court at the turn of the 3rd/9th century, in particular by the creation of new networks and the setting up of a body of professional witnesses, an institution which spread in other provinces of the caliphate.

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    Other literature type . 2011
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    Authors: Manet, Vincent;

    Ce document effectue une synthèse d'articles relatifs à la fatigue des composites. Les renforts 3D et essais accélérés sont aussi abordés.

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    Authors: Baudry, C; de Cremoux, R; Chartier, C; Perrin, G;

    International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Mémoires en Sciences...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Other literature type . 1997
    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 1997
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Mémoires en Sciences...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Hyper Article en Ligne
      Other literature type . 1997
      Hal-Diderot
      Article . 1997
      Data sources: Hal-Diderot
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Boulard, C; Pépin, Michel; Parodi, André-Laurent;

    International audience

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    Hyper Article en Ligne; Hal-Diderot
    Other literature type . Article . 1993
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      Other literature type . Article . 1993
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    Authors: Marie-Paule Poggi;

    Notre objectif est de comprendre la manière dont deux enseignants, exerçant en milieu difficile, prennent leur décision sous l’influence de trois types de déterminants (externe, situationnel et subjectif). Nous pouvons considérer que le curriculum en actes allie autonomie et ajustements liés aux contraintes du « sens pratique », devenant ainsi producteur « d’improvisations réglées » (Bourdieu, 1980). Par conséquent, le « contexte pertinent » (Lahire, 1998) de l’interaction didactique est à appréhender dans une perspective socio-didactique qui vise à observer de quelle manière les dispositions incorporées perdurent dans la situation mais également se reconfigurent au contact des contraintes de cette dernière selon un processus de contextualisation liant de façon interactive contexte et situation. Les résultats montrent que nos deux enseignants ne subissent pas de la même façon les contraintes externes qui pèsent sur eux et ne produisent pas et n’exploitent pas de manière identique ce qui émerge en situation. On note donc qu’à contexte externe équivalent, le curriculum en actes varie considérablement d’un enseignant à l’autre. Our goal is to understand how two teachers working in difficult areas, make their decision under the influence of three types of determinants (external, situational and subjective). We can consider that the curriculum acts combines autonomy and adjustments to the constraints of "practicality", becoming producer of "regulated improvisations" (Bourdieu, 1980). Therefore, the "relevant context" (Lahire, 1998) didactic interaction is to understand in a socio-didactic approach that aims to observe how the provisions incorporated in the situation persist but also reconfigure contact constraints the latter by a process of contextualisation binder interactive context and situation. The results show that both our teachers do not undergo the same external constraints on them and do not produce and do not operate the same way that emerges situation. We thus note that external environment equivalent curriculum in action varies considerably from one teacher to another.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
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    OpenEdition
    Article . 2015
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    Questions Vives
    Article . 2014
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      OpenEdition
      Article . 2015
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      Questions Vives
      Article . 2014
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    Authors: Turchet, Philippe;

    Cette thèse de Sciences du langage, s’inscrit dans le contexte de la communication interculturelle et se fonde sur l’analyse d’un corpus de 184112 mots (56 locuteurs, 10 nationalités), 9155 tours de paroles dialogiques. Il s’agit de rechercher un ou plusieurs indices mimogestuels de rupture de compréhension, en l’absence de verbalisation, chez le locuteur silencieux, durant l’interaction. La PARTIE I est un état des lieux concernant le repérage des ruptures de compréhension, en situation d’exolinguisme. La PARTIE II, expérimentation préliminaire (méthodologie et analyse de contenu), délimite 177 « blocs-textes », où s’encapsulent des ruptures de compréhension. Un item mimo-gestuel, lié à une excentration brève et rapide du regard (EB2R), souvent répliqué, est prélevé.La PARTIE III est une expérimentation princeps qui découle de l’expérimentation préliminaire. La variable indépendante (le langage verbal) et la variable dépendante (la mimogestualité), sont inversées, pour vérifier si les ruptures de compréhension, une fois rapportées aux critères verbaux corollaires, sont directement identifiables, à partir d’attitudes mimo-gestuelles précises. L’indice (EB2R) est donc systématiquement recherché dans le corpus : sa présence, largement répliquée, en situation de rupture de compréhension, suggère donc qu’il s’agit d’un signal de non-compréhension langagière. Ainsi, une corrélation forte entre le langage verbal et la gestualité non-consciente est bien objectivée, en situation dialogique, multiculturelle : ce repérage de moments de non-compréhension, dès leur incidence, pourrait être un réel apport à la didactique des langues, dans les sociétés cosmopolites d’aujourd’hui. This thesis of Language Science, in the context of intercultural communication, concerns an important corpus analysis (184112 words, 56 speakers, 10 nationalities and 9155 turns of speech). In order to find one or more mimogestual feature(s) of rupture of comprehension, the misunderstanding situation relates to the silent speaker, during the interaction.The PART I, is a theoretical state of play on the identification of breaks in comprehension, in exolinguism situation.PART II, is a Preliminary Experimentation (Methodology and Content Analysis): 177 "text-blocks" are delineated, where breaks of understanding are encapsulated. A mimo-gestual item, linked to a short and quick look shift (EB2R/SQLS), often replicated, is selected.PART III is a princeps experiment that arises from preliminary experimentation. The independent variable (the verbal language) and the dependent variable (the mimogestuality), are reversed, to check if the breaks of comprehension, once reported to the corollary verbal criteria, are directly identifiable, starting from precise mimogestual attitudes. The EB2R/SQLS is searched in the corpus, systematically: its presence, largely replicated, in a situation of broken comprehension, suggests that it is a signal of linguistic non-comprehension. Thus, a strong correlation between verbal language and non-conscious gestuality is well objectified, in a multicultural dialogic interaction: this identification of brocken enderstanding moments, as soon as they become, would be a real contribution to the didactics of languages, in the cosmopolitan societies of today.

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    HAL Paris Nanterre
    Doctoral thesis . 2017
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    Authors: Benakhla, Ahmed; Lonneux, Jean-François; Mekroud, Abdessalem; Losson, Bertrand; +1 Authors

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    Other literature type . Article . 1999
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      Other literature type . Article . 1999
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    Authors: Duclos, Vincent;

    This Working Paper explores the relationship between space, media, and immunity in the work of Peter Sloterdijk. Modernity, argues Sloterdijk, may best be understood as a vast technical project aimed at compensating for a loss of insurance regarding our position in the world: the loss of a comforting roundness, of a being-inside the whole. What is at stake is therefore to design immune systems that are adapted for the burst and globalized spaces we inhabit. In dialogue with the work of Marshall McLuhan, this WP pays specific attention to our radical immersion in conditioning relations that operate upon us by the outside: in the media. Ce papier explore les relations entre espace, média et immunité dans l'oeuvre de Peter Sloterdijk. La modernité, pour Sloterdijk, est un vaste projet technique visant à compenser une perte d'assurance quant à notre position dans le monde : une perte du privilège de l'être-à-l'intérieur. Il s'agit alors de penser la création de systèmes immunitaires adaptés aux espaces éclatés et globalisés que nous habitons. En dialogue avec les travaux de Marshall McLuhan, ce papier accorde une attention particulière est accordée à notre immersion radicale dans ce qui nous dépasse et nous façonne de l'extérieur : le média.

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    Authors: Wyvekens, Anne;
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    Authors: Kerbiriou, Xavier;

    Les applications potentielles du carbure de silicium (SiC) en microélectronique ont motivé de nombreuses études sur les défauts ponctuels, qui jouent un rôle important dans la compensation électrique. Ce matériau possède en outre de nombreux atouts pour participer au confinement des matières fissiles dans les réacteurs à caloporteur gazeux du futur (4ème génération). Dans cette thèse, nous avons utilisé la Résonance Paramagnétique Electronique et la Spectroscopie d'Annihilation de Positons pour étudier les propriétés (nature, taille, état de charge, migration et agglomération sous recuit) des défauts ponctuels natifs et induits par irradiation avec différentes particules (H+, e-, ions carbone) dans les polytypes 3C et 6H de SiC. L'étude par annihilation de positons des défauts natifs dans 6H-SiC a permis de mettre en évidence une forte concentration de pièges non lacunaires de type accepteur, qui ne sont pas présents dans les cristaux 3C-SiC. La nature des défauts détectés après irradiation aux électrons de basse énergie (190keV) dépend du polytype. En effet, si des paires de Frenkel de silicium et des monolacunes de carbone sont détectées dans les cristaux 6H, seules des monolacunes de carbone sont détectées dans les cristaux 3C. Nous proposons que ces différences quant aux populations de défauts ponctuels détectés résultent de valeurs différentes des énergies de seuil de déplacement du silicium dans les deux polytypes (environ 20eV pour 6H et 25eV pour 3C). Par ailleurs, les irradiations avec des protons de 12MeV et des ions carbone de 132MeV créent des monolacunes de silicium ainsi que des bilacunes VSi-VC. Ni la particule (protons ou ions carbone), ni le polytype (3C ou 6H) n'influent sur la nature des défauts générés. Enfin l'étude du recuit de monocristaux 6H-SiC irradiés avec des protons de 12MeV a permis de mettre en évidence plusieurs processus successifs. Le résultat le plus original est l'agglomération des monolacunes de silicium avec les bilacunes VSi-VC qui mène à la formation de trilacunes VSi-VC-VSi. Potential applications of silicon carbide (SiC) in micro-electronics have justified many studies on point defects, which play an important role in the electrical compensation. Moreover, this material has many assets to take part in the fissile materials confining in the gas cooled reactors of the future (4th generation). In this thesis, we have used Electronic Paramagnetic Resonance and Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy to study the properties of point defects (nature, size, charge state, migration and agglomeration during annealing), either native or induced by irradiation with various particles (H+, e-, carbon ions), in the 3C and 6H polytypes of SiC. The positron annihilation study of native defects in 6H-SiC has shown the presence of a strong concentration of non-vacancy traps of acceptor type, which are not present in the 3C-SiC crystals. The nature of the defects detected after irradiation with low energy electrons (190keV) depends on the polytype. Indeed, while silicon Frenkel pairs and carbon monovacancies are detected in the 6H crystals, only carbon monovacancies are detected in the 3C crystals. We propose that these differences concerning the populations of detected point defects result from different values of the silicon displacement threshold energy for the two polytypes (approximately 20eV for 6H and 25V for 3C). In addition, the irradiations with 12MeV protons and 132MeV carbon ions have created silicon monovacancies as well as VSi-VC divacancies. Neither the particle (protons or ions carbon), nor the polytype (3C or 6H) influence the nature of the generated defects. Finally the study of the annealing of 6H-SiC monocrystals irradiated with 12MeV protons have revealed several successive processes. The most original result is the agglomeration of the silicon monovacancies with the VSi-VC divacancies which leads to the formation of VSi-VC-VSi trivacancies.

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    Authors: Tillier, Mathieu;

    Cet article entreprend de retracer les innovations judiciaires qui eurent lieu en Égypte au premier âge abbasside, à travers une étude des cadis connus pour avoir été les premiers à adopter une pratique donnée. Dans la seconde moitié du IIe/VIIIe siècle, le rayonnement du milieu juridique égyptien - attaché de manière critique à l'école médinoise - se manifesta jusqu'à la cour abbasside, qui construisit en partie sa centralité par assimilation de modèles provinciaux. L'attraction à Bagdad de plusieurs juristes ou cadis égyptiens provoqua en retour, à Fusṭāṭ, l'adoption de nouvelles pratiques judiciaires vraisemblablement inspirées par des modèles iraqiens. La centralisation de la judicature par al-Manṣūr et ses successeurs, qui envoyèrent en Égypte une série de cadis formés en Iraq, accentua encore l'influence des pratiques iraqiennes sur le tribunal de Fusṭāṭ. Paradoxalement, l'affirmation de l'autorité centrale sur la judicature égyptienne mit également en branle une dynamique d'innovations provinciales : la désignation à Fusṭāṭ de cadis non égyptiens provoqua une réorganisation de l'appareil judiciaire au tournant du IIIe/IXe siècle, notamment par la création de nouveaux réseaux et la mise en place d'un corps de témoins professionnels dont l'usage contamina d'autres provinces du califat. This article recounts the judicial innovations that developed in Egypt during the early Abbasid caliphate, through an analysis of qāḍī-s who were the first to adopt a legal practice. The Egyptian legal milieu, which was critically committed to the Medinese school, had some influence in the middle of the 2nd/8th century as far as the Abbasid court, which developed partly its centrality by assimilating provincial models. In return, the attraction of several prominent jurists or qāḍī-s to Bagdad caused the adoption, in Fusṭāṭ, of new judicial practices inspired by Iraqi models. Centralisation of judgeship under al-Manṣūr and his successors, who send in Egypt a series of qāḍī-s trained in Iraq, increased even more the influence of Iraqi practices on the court of Fusṭāṭ. As a paradox, the reinforcement of central authority on the Egyptian judgeship set also in motion a dynamic of local innovations: the designation in Fusṭāṭ of non-Egyptian qāḍī-s caused a reorganisation of the court at the turn of the 3rd/9th century, in particular by the creation of new networks and the setting up of a body of professional witnesses, an institution which spread in other provinces of the caliphate.

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    Authors: Manet, Vincent;

    Ce document effectue une synthèse d'articles relatifs à la fatigue des composites. Les renforts 3D et essais accélérés sont aussi abordés.

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    Authors: Baudry, C; de Cremoux, R; Chartier, C; Perrin, G;

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      Hyper Article en Ligne
      Other literature type . 1997
      Hal-Diderot
      Article . 1997
      Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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    Authors: Boulard, C; Pépin, Michel; Parodi, André-Laurent;

    International audience

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    Other literature type . Article . 1993
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      Other literature type . Article . 1993
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    Authors: Marie-Paule Poggi;

    Notre objectif est de comprendre la manière dont deux enseignants, exerçant en milieu difficile, prennent leur décision sous l’influence de trois types de déterminants (externe, situationnel et subjectif). Nous pouvons considérer que le curriculum en actes allie autonomie et ajustements liés aux contraintes du « sens pratique », devenant ainsi producteur « d’improvisations réglées » (Bourdieu, 1980). Par conséquent, le « contexte pertinent » (Lahire, 1998) de l’interaction didactique est à appréhender dans une perspective socio-didactique qui vise à observer de quelle manière les dispositions incorporées perdurent dans la situation mais également se reconfigurent au contact des contraintes de cette dernière selon un processus de contextualisation liant de façon interactive contexte et situation. Les résultats montrent que nos deux enseignants ne subissent pas de la même façon les contraintes externes qui pèsent sur eux et ne produisent pas et n’exploitent pas de manière identique ce qui émerge en situation. On note donc qu’à contexte externe équivalent, le curriculum en actes varie considérablement d’un enseignant à l’autre. Our goal is to understand how two teachers working in difficult areas, make their decision under the influence of three types of determinants (external, situational and subjective). We can consider that the curriculum acts combines autonomy and adjustments to the constraints of "practicality", becoming producer of "regulated improvisations" (Bourdieu, 1980). Therefore, the "relevant context" (Lahire, 1998) didactic interaction is to understand in a socio-didactic approach that aims to observe how the provisions incorporated in the situation persist but also reconfigure contact constraints the latter by a process of contextualisation binder interactive context and situation. The results show that both our teachers do not undergo the same external constraints on them and do not produce and do not operate the same way that emerges situation. We thus note that external environment equivalent curriculum in action varies considerably from one teacher to another.

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    OpenEdition
    Article . 2015
    Data sources: OpenEdition
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    Questions Vives
    Article . 2014
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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      OpenEdition
      Article . 2015
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      Questions Vives
      Article . 2014
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    Authors: Turchet, Philippe;

    Cette thèse de Sciences du langage, s’inscrit dans le contexte de la communication interculturelle et se fonde sur l’analyse d’un corpus de 184112 mots (56 locuteurs, 10 nationalités), 9155 tours de paroles dialogiques. Il s’agit de rechercher un ou plusieurs indices mimogestuels de rupture de compréhension, en l’absence de verbalisation, chez le locuteur silencieux, durant l’interaction. La PARTIE I est un état des lieux concernant le repérage des ruptures de compréhension, en situation d’exolinguisme. La PARTIE II, expérimentation préliminaire (méthodologie et analyse de contenu), délimite 177 « blocs-textes », où s’encapsulent des ruptures de compréhension. Un item mimo-gestuel, lié à une excentration brève et rapide du regard (EB2R), souvent répliqué, est prélevé.La PARTIE III est une expérimentation princeps qui découle de l’expérimentation préliminaire. La variable indépendante (le langage verbal) et la variable dépendante (la mimogestualité), sont inversées, pour vérifier si les ruptures de compréhension, une fois rapportées aux critères verbaux corollaires, sont directement identifiables, à partir d’attitudes mimo-gestuelles précises. L’indice (EB2R) est donc systématiquement recherché dans le corpus : sa présence, largement répliquée, en situation de rupture de compréhension, suggère donc qu’il s’agit d’un signal de non-compréhension langagière. Ainsi, une corrélation forte entre le langage verbal et la gestualité non-consciente est bien objectivée, en situation dialogique, multiculturelle : ce repérage de moments de non-compréhension, dès leur incidence, pourrait être un réel apport à la didactique des langues, dans les sociétés cosmopolites d’aujourd’hui. This thesis of Language Science, in the context of intercultural communication, concerns an important corpus analysis (184112 words, 56 speakers, 10 nationalities and 9155 turns of speech). In order to find one or more mimogestual feature(s) of rupture of comprehension, the misunderstanding situation relates to the silent speaker, during the interaction.The PART I, is a theoretical state of play on the identification of breaks in comprehension, in exolinguism situation.PART II, is a Preliminary Experimentation (Methodology and Content Analysis): 177 "text-blocks" are delineated, where breaks of understanding are encapsulated. A mimo-gestual item, linked to a short and quick look shift (EB2R/SQLS), often replicated, is selected.PART III is a princeps experiment that arises from preliminary experimentation. The independent variable (the verbal language) and the dependent variable (the mimogestuality), are reversed, to check if the breaks of comprehension, once reported to the corollary verbal criteria, are directly identifiable, starting from precise mimogestual attitudes. The EB2R/SQLS is searched in the corpus, systematically: its presence, largely replicated, in a situation of broken comprehension, suggests that it is a signal of linguistic non-comprehension. Thus, a strong correlation between verbal language and non-conscious gestuality is well objectified, in a multicultural dialogic interaction: this identification of brocken enderstanding moments, as soon as they become, would be a real contribution to the didactics of languages, in the cosmopolitan societies of today.

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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2017
    HAL Paris Nanterre
    Doctoral thesis . 2017
    Data sources: HAL Paris Nanterre
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    Authors: Benakhla, Ahmed; Lonneux, Jean-François; Mekroud, Abdessalem; Losson, Bertrand; +1 Authors

    International audience

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    Other literature type . Article . 1999
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    ProdInra
    Article . 1999
    License: CC BY SA
    Data sources: ProdInra