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    Authors: 
    Eckehard Olbrich; Hans-Peter Landolt; Peter Achermann;
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: SNSF | Human sleep regulation: I... (320030_130766), SNSF | Glutamatergic mechanisms ... (320030_135414)

    The human sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) is characterized by the occurrence of distinct oscillatory events such as delta waves sleep spindles and alpha activity. We applied a previously proposed algorithm for the detection of such events and investigated their inciden...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Robert Zivadinov; Francesca Bagnato; D. Nasuelli; Stefano Bastianello; Alessio Bratina; Laura Locatelli; Kelly Watts; Licia Finamore; Attilio Grop; Michael G. Dwyer; +5 more
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    The objective of this study was to establish whether the time interval of 3 months is sufficient to detect whole-brain atrophy changes in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS). Another aim was to assess the value of monthly gadolinium (Gd)-enhan...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Daphna Joel; Daphna Joel; Ariel Persico; Moshe Salhov; Zohar Berman; Sabine Oligschläger; Sabine Oligschläger; Sabine Oligschläger; Isaac Meilijson; Amir Averbuch;
    Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.

    Findings of average differences between females and males in the structure of specific brain regions are often interpreted as indicating that the typical male brain is different from the typical female brain. An alternative interpretation is that the brain types typical...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sean N Hatton; Khoa H Huynh; Leonardo Bonilha; Eugenio Abela; Saud Alhusaini; Andre Altmann; Marina KM Alvim; Akshara R Balachandra; Emanuele Bartolini; Benjamin Bender; +64 more
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
    Project: NIH | A global alliance to unlo... (1R01MH117601-01), NIH | Multimodal imaging of cog... (2R01NS065838-06A1), UKRI | Imaging prognostic marker... (MR/K023152/1), NIH | ENIGMA World Aging Center (1R56AG058854-01), UKRI | Translation of novel imag... (G0802012), NIH | ENIGMA Center for Worldwi... (3U54EB020403-04S1), CIHR , NSERC , NIH | High resolution mapping o... (1R01AG059874-01), NHMRC | Human Epilepsy: Understan... (1091593),...

    AbstractThe epilepsies are commonly accompanied by widespread abnormalities in cerebral white matter. ENIGMA-Epilepsy is a large quantitative brain imaging consortium, aggregating data to investigate patterns of neuroimaging abnormalities in common epilepsy syndromes, i...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Simone Macrì; Chiara Ceci; Rossella Canese; Giovanni Laviola;
    Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)

    The central endocannabinoid system (ECS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis mediate individual responses to emotionally salient stimuli. Their altered developmental adjustment may relate to the emergence of emotional disturbances. Although environmental influen...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Alejandro Luis Callara; Alberto Greco; Johannes Frasnelli; Gianluca Rho; Nicola Vanello; Enzo Pasquale Scilingo;
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | POTION (824153)

    Abstract Objective. The emotional response to olfactory stimuli implies the activation of a complex cascade of events triggered by structures lying in the limbic system. However, little is known about how this activation is projected up to cerebral cortex and how diffe...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Claudio Del Percio; Nicola Marzano; Stefania Tilgher; Antonio Fiore; Enrico Di Ciolo; Pierluigi Aschieri; Andrea Lino; Giancarlo Toràn; Claudio Babiloni; Fabrizio Eusebi;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Objective In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a pre-stimulus brief (1 min) 10-Hz audio-visual flickering stimulation modulates alpha EEG rhythms and cognitive-motor performance in elite athletes and in non-athletes during visuo-spatial demands. Methods...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Danilo Menicucci; Andrea Piarulli; Paolo Allegrini; Remo Bedini; Massimo Bergamasco; Marco Laurino; Laura Sebastiani; Angelo Gemignani;

    Sleep Slow Oscillations (SSOs), paradigmatic EEG markers of cortical bistability (alternation between cellular downstates and upstates), and sleep spindles, paradigmatic EEG markers of thalamic rhythm, are two hallmarks of sleeping brain. Selective thalamic lesions are ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Pei-Cheng Shih; Christopher J. Steele; Vadim V. Nikulin; Christopher Gundlach; Johanna Kruse; Arno Villringer; Bernhard Sehm;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Bilateral in-phase (IP) and anti-phase (AP) movements represent two fundamental modes of bilateral coordination that are essential for daily living. Although previous studies have shown that aging is behaviorally associated with decline in bilateral coordinatio...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Davide Sattin; Davide Sattin; Dunja Duran; Sergio Visintini; Elena Schiaffi; Ferruccio Panzica; Carla Carozzi; Davide Rossi Sebastiano; Elisa Visani; Eleonora Tobaldini; +14 more
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

    The analysis of the central and the autonomic nervous systems (CNS, ANS) activities during general anesthesia (GA) provides fundamental information for the study of neural processes that support alterations of the consciousness level. In the present pilot study, we anal...