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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Colbach, Nathalie; Lucas, Philippe; Meynard, Jean-Marc;

    Wheat was assessed at four crop growth stages for take-all (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici) in a series of field trials that studied the effects of five wheat management practices: sowing date, plant density, nitrogen fertilizer dose and form, and removal/burial of cereal straw. An equation expressing disease level as a function of degree days was fitted to the observed disease levels. This equation was based on take-all epidemiology and depended on two parameters reflecting the importance of the primary and secondary infection cycles, respectively. Early sowing always increased disease frequency via primary infection cycle; its influence on the secondary cycle was variable. Primary infection and earliness of disease onset were increased by high density; however, at mid-season take-all was positively correlated to the root number per plant, which was itself negatively correlated to plant density. At late stages of development, neither plant density nor root number per plant had any influence on disease. A high nitrogen dose increased both take-all on seminal roots and severity of primary infection cycle but decreased take-all on nodal roots and secondary infection cycle. Ammonium (versus ammonium nitrate) fertilizer always decreased disease levels and infection cycles, whereas straw treatment (burial versus removal of straw from the previous cereal crop) had no influence.

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    Phytopathology
    Article
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    Phytopathology
    Article . 1997
    Phytopathology
    Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Chevaldonné, P.; Sket, B.; Marschal, C.; Lejeusne, C.; +1 Authors

    Dark littoral submarine caves can act as enclaves of the deep aphotic zone in shallow coastal areas, and their survey has revealed the existence of a very particular fauna of specialized and poorly known organisms among which crustaceans are particularly well represented. In these particular habitats, the use of conventional sampling techniques, such as hand nets, is often not recommended since they disturb bottom sediments causing hazardous situations to scientific divers. The use of baited traps, while technically possible, is not. always practical is such remote habitats. The present work describes a simple and inexpensive manual device that can be operated by divers ill submarine caves and other cryptic habitats to recurrently catch small motile organisms such as mysid crustaceans, caridean shrimps, or even gobiid fishes. This small suction bottle derived and improved from the original "Sket bottle" design considerably reduces the risks of disturbing the cave's bottom sediment and can be easily operated using a single hand. The described sampling device can also be easily used outside caves, in a variety of particular habitats, e.g., rubble filled bottoms, branching coral reefs, cracks, and small holes on rocky surfaces, in which small motile organisms usually escape from traditional sampling gears, e.g., fishnets and traps, or simply go unnoticed by researchers during sampling. info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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    Journal of Crustacean Biology
    Article . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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    Hyper Article en Ligne; Hal-Diderot
    Other literature type . Article . 2007
    Hyper Article en Ligne; Hal-Diderot
    Other literature type . Article . 2008
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ferrara, Sabrina;

    «Devotissimus et amicus» : l'amitié possible entre le poète et le seigneur dans l'épître XIII de Dante La réflexion sur 1'«amitié» entre Dante, le poète exilé, et Cangrande Della Scala, le puissant seigneur de Vérone, se structure essentiellement à partir de l'Epître XIII, que le poète envoie au seigneur scaliger en guise de dédicace, et d'accessus, à la troisième cantica de la Comédie. L'amitié entre l'épistolier et le seigneur de Vérone semblerait ne pas pouvoir s'accomplir du fait de la disparité sociale des deux protagonistes, car la vraie amitié procède intrinsèquement d'un rapport de réciprocité (Aristote, Ethique à Nicomaque , Vili, III, 1) et donc d'égalité (Ibidem, Vili, VI, 7). Dante franchit cet obstacle une fois qu'il a pu vérifier, ex visu , les immenses vertus et qualités de Cangrande. Celui-ci est par ailleurs le glorieux protagoniste du chant XVII du Paradis , où a lieu une véritable sublimation du seigneur scaliger et qui constitue l'incontournable glose de l'épître. La nouvelle appréciation de Cangrande détermine, dans l'épître, un glissement sémantique du binôme benevolentia/subiectio au binôme devotio/amicitia , lequel définit alors les axes de l'amitié qui se noue entre le poète et le seigneur. Ferrara Sabrina. Devotissimus et amicus : l'amitié possible entre le poète et le seigneur. In: Arzanà 13, 2010. Écritures et pratiques de l'amitié dans l'Italie médiévale. pp. 191-210.

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    Arzanà
    Article . 2010 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Markus, Christen; Adam, Kohn; Thomas, Ott; Ruedi, Stoop;

    Spike train distance measures serve two purposes: to measure neuronal firing reliability, and to provide a metric with which spike trains can be classified. We introduce a novel spike train distance based on the Lempel-Ziv complexity that does not require the choice of arbitrary analysis parameters, is easy to implement, and computationally cheap. We determine firing reliability in vivo by calculating the deviation of the mean distance of spike trains obtained from multiple presentations of an identical stimulus from a Poisson reference. Using both the Lempel-Ziv-distance (LZ-distance) and a distance focussing on coincident firing, the pattern and timing reliability of neuronal firing is determined for spike data obtained along the visual information processing pathway of macaque monkey (LGN, simple and complex cells of V1, and area MT). In combination with the sequential superparamagnetic clustering algorithm, we show that the LZ-distance groups together spike trains with similar but not necessarily synchronized firing patterns. For both applications, we show how the LZ-distance gives additional insights, as it adds a new perspective on the problem of firing reliability determination and allows neuron classifications in cases, where other distance measures fail.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Neuroscie...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Neuroscience Methods
    Article . 2006 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Neuroscie...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Neuroscience Methods
      Article . 2006 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Christopher, Tolleson; Srivatsan, Pallavaram; Chen, Li; John, Fang; +6 Authors

    <b><i>Background:</i></b> Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus is established as efficacious for dystonia, yet the optimal target within this structure is not well defined. Published evidence suggests that spatial normalization provides a better estimate of DBS lead location than traditional methods based on standard stereotactic coordinates. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> We retrospectively reviewed our pallidal implanted dystonia population. Patient imaging scans were morphed into an MRI atlas using a nonlinear image registration algorithm. Active contact locations were projected onto the atlas and clusters analyzed for the degree of variance in two groups: (1) good and poor responders and (2) cervical (CD) and generalized dystonia (GD). <b><i>Results:</i></b> The average active contact location between CD and GD good responders was distinct but not significantly different. The mean active contact for CD poor responders was significantly different from CD responders and GD poor responders in the dorsoventral direction. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> A normalized imaging space is arguably more accurate in visualizing postoperative leads. Despite some separation between groups, this data suggests there was not an optimal pallidal target for common dystonia patients. Degrees of variance overlapped due to a large degree of individual target variation. Patient selection may ultimately be the key to maximizing patient outcomes. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2014
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      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2014
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Xian, Du; Sumeet, Dua; Rajendra U, Acharya; Chua Kuang, Chua;

    The classification of epileptic electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is challenging because of high nonlinearity, high dimensionality, and hidden states in EEG recordings. The detection of the preictal state is difficult due to its similarity to the ictal state. We present a framework for using principal components analysis (PCA) and a classification method for improving the detection rate of epileptic classes. To unearth the nonlinearity and high dimensionality in epileptic signals, we extract principal component features using PCA on the 15 high-order spectra (HOS) features extracted from the EEG data. We evaluate eight classifiers in the framework using true positive (TP) rate and area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristics (ROC). We show that a simple logistic regression model achieves the highest TP rate for class "preictal" at 97.5% and the TP rate on average at 96.8% with PCA variance percentages selected at 100%, which also achieves the most AUC at 99.5%.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Medical S...arrow_drop_down
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    Journal of Medical Systems
    Article . 2011 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of Medical S...arrow_drop_down
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      Journal of Medical Systems
      Article . 2011 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Xia, Frances; Kheirbek, Mazen A.;

    Mood and anxiety disorders are complex heterogeneous syndromes that manifest in dysfunctions across multiple brain regions, cell types, and circuits. Biomarkers using brain-wide activity patterns in humans have proven useful in distinguishing between disorder subtypes and identifying effective treatments. In order to improve biomarker identification, it is crucial to understand the basic circuitry underpinning brain-wide activity patterns. Leveraging a large repertoire of techniques, animal studies have examined roles of specific cell types and circuits in driving maladaptive behavior. Recent advances in multiregion recording techniques, data-driven analysis approaches, and machine-learning-based behavioral analysis tools can further push the boundary of animal studies and bridge the gap with human studies, to assess how brain-wide activity patterns encode and drive emotional behavior. Together, these efforts will allow identifying more precise biomarkers to enhance diagnosis and treatment.

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    Trends in Neurosciences
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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      Other literature type . 2020
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      Trends in Neurosciences
      Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Kévin P. Dhondt; Cyrille Mathieu; Marie Chalons; Joséphine M. Reynaud; +3 Authors

    International audience; Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV) are closely related, recently emerged paramyxoviruses that form Henipavirus genus and are capable of causing considerable morbidity and mortality in a number of mammalian species, including humans. However, in contrast to many other species and despite expression of functional virus entry receptors, mice are resistant to henipavirus infection. We report here the susceptibility of mice deleted for the type I interferon receptor (IFNAR-KO) to both HeV and NiV. Intraperitoneally infected mice developed fatal encephalitis, with pathology and immunohistochemical features similar to what was found in humans. Viral RNA was found in the majority of analyzed organs, and sublethally infected animals developed virus-specific neutralizing antibodies. Altogether, these results reveal IFNAR-KO mice as a new small animal model to study HeV and NiV pathogenesis, prophylaxis, and treatment and suggest the critical role of type I interferon signaling in the control of henipavirus infection.

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2012
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2013
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
    The Journal of Infectious Diseases
    Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: Crossref
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      Europe PubMed Central
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      Article . 2013
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      The Journal of Infectious Diseases
      Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Bo, Hong; Soumyadipta, Acharya; Nitish, Thakor; Shangkai, Gao;

    Dynamic synchronization between different brain regions has long been considered as the underlying neural mechanism of sensory, motor and cognitive functions. Practical methods of accurately quantifying this kind of dynamics by using scalp EEG are plagued by volume conduction effects and background noise. We propose a new method of measuring transient phase locking between independent components underlying cognitive brain activities. This unique combination of independent component analysis (ICA) and phase locking statistics (PLS) provides a promising technique for investigating the dynamics of neural synchronization between different cortical regions, without the contamination of background coherence. This method was tested on the EEG from a cross-modal working memory experiment and its efficacy in detecting transient phase synchrony was demonstrated.

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    Authors: Mobasher, B.; Capak, P.; Scoville, N. Z.; Dahlen, T.; +25 Authors

    We measure photometric redshifts and spectral types for galaxies in the COSMOS survey. We use template fitting technique combined with luminosity function priors and with the option to simultaneously estimate dust extinction (i.e. E(B-V)) for each galaxy.Our estimated redshifts are accurate to i<25 and z~1.2. Using simulations with sampling and noise characteristics similar to those in COSMOS, the accuracy and reliability is estimated for the photometric redshifts as a function of the magnitude limits of the sample, S/N ratios and the number of bands used. From the simulations we find that the ratio of derived 95% confidence interval in the redshift probability distribution to the estimated photometric redshift (D95) can be used to identify and exclude the catastrophic failures in the photometric redshift estimates. We compare the derived redshifts with high-reliability spectroscopic redshifts for a sample of 868 normal galaxies with z < 1.2 from zCOSMOS. Considering different scenarios, depending on using prior, no prior and/or extinction, we compare the photometric and spectroscopic redshifts for this sample. This corresponds to an rms scatter of 0.031, with a small number of outliers (<2.5%). We also find good agreement (rms=0.10) between photometric and spectroscopic redshifts for Type II AGNs. We compare results from our photometric redshift procedure with three other independent codes and find them in excellent agreement. We show preliminary results, based on photometric redshifts for the entire COSMOS sample (to i < 25 mag.). 38 pages; 14 Figures; 7 Tables. Accepted for Publication in ApJS. COSMOS Special Issue

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    Caltech Authors
    Article . 2007 . Peer-reviewed
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    The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
    Article . 2007 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2006
    License: arXiv Non-Exclusive Distribution
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    Other literature type . Preprint . 2006
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      Caltech Authors
      Article . 2007 . Peer-reviewed
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      The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
      Article . 2007 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Colbach, Nathalie; Lucas, Philippe; Meynard, Jean-Marc;

    Wheat was assessed at four crop growth stages for take-all (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici) in a series of field trials that studied the effects of five wheat management practices: sowing date, plant density, nitrogen fertilizer dose and form, and removal/burial of cereal straw. An equation expressing disease level as a function of degree days was fitted to the observed disease levels. This equation was based on take-all epidemiology and depended on two parameters reflecting the importance of the primary and secondary infection cycles, respectively. Early sowing always increased disease frequency via primary infection cycle; its influence on the secondary cycle was variable. Primary infection and earliness of disease onset were increased by high density; however, at mid-season take-all was positively correlated to the root number per plant, which was itself negatively correlated to plant density. At late stages of development, neither plant density nor root number per plant had any influence on disease. A high nitrogen dose increased both take-all on seminal roots and severity of primary infection cycle but decreased take-all on nodal roots and secondary infection cycle. Ammonium (versus ammonium nitrate) fertilizer always decreased disease levels and infection cycles, whereas straw treatment (burial versus removal of straw from the previous cereal crop) had no influence.

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    Phytopathology
    Article
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    Phytopathology
    Article . 1997
    Phytopathology
    Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Chevaldonné, P.; Sket, B.; Marschal, C.; Lejeusne, C.; +1 Authors

    Dark littoral submarine caves can act as enclaves of the deep aphotic zone in shallow coastal areas, and their survey has revealed the existence of a very particular fauna of specialized and poorly known organisms among which crustaceans are particularly well represented. In these particular habitats, the use of conventional sampling techniques, such as hand nets, is often not recommended since they disturb bottom sediments causing hazardous situations to scientific divers. The use of baited traps, while technically possible, is not. always practical is such remote habitats. The present work describes a simple and inexpensive manual device that can be operated by divers ill submarine caves and other cryptic habitats to recurrently catch small motile organisms such as mysid crustaceans, caridean shrimps, or even gobiid fishes. This small suction bottle derived and improved from the original "Sket bottle" design considerably reduces the risks of disturbing the cave's bottom sediment and can be easily operated using a single hand. The described sampling device can also be easily used outside caves, in a variety of particular habitats, e.g., rubble filled bottoms, branching coral reefs, cracks, and small holes on rocky surfaces, in which small motile organisms usually escape from traditional sampling gears, e.g., fishnets and traps, or simply go unnoticed by researchers during sampling. info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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    Journal of Crustacean Biology
    Article . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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