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  • Authors: B I, Bauer; C L, Geletnecky; R, Lorenz; W, Seeger; +2 Authors
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  • Authors: F A, Steiner; K, Ruf;
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  • Authors: B, Riffel; M, Stöhr; H, Reich; A, Delcker;

    Visual, auditory and somatosensory evoked potentials are useful in the detection and localization of demyelinating lesions, which mainly cause a slowing of conduction and therefore a latency increase in the evoked potential. Primarily amplitude reductions or loss of the response are seen in partial or complete impulse conduction blocks due to a tumor e.g. Acoustic nerve tumors can be detected by AEP, orbit tumors or processes of the chiasm by VEP and spinal cord tumors by SEP. The use of evoked potentials for the evaluation of ophthalmologic disorders, for audiometry in children and for monitoring head-injured patients with coma have become a valuable aid to the physician too.

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  • Authors: Hekmat, Ida;

    Dieses Paper befasst sich mit dem, was wir „Vergeschichtlichung“ nennen, d.h. die Art und Weise, wie die entgegengesetzten kollektiven Identitäten der Ingroup (“der Westen”) und der Outgroup (“Der Islam”) in den von uns analysierten Talkshows durch eine Verankerung in der Geschichte konstruiert werden. Das analysierte Korpus besteht aus zwei deutschen und zwei französischen Fernsehdebatten, die 2006 den „Karikaturenstreit“ thematisieren. Untersucht werden sowohl die geschichtlichen Epochen, die für die Identitätskonstruktionen bemüht werden, als auch die linguistischen Mittel ihrer Äußerung. Die Identitätskonstruktion erfolgt auf stereotype Weise. Dabei ist festzustellen, dass die Vergeschichtlichungen nicht nur stereotype Gruppenidentitäten, sondern auch stereotype Geschichtsbilder konstruieren. Ferner werden die Vergeschichtlichungen teilweise im Laufe der Gespräche diskutiert; wobei die Grenzen sowie die paradoxe Plastizität des Stereotyps sichtbar werden. Dans le corpus étudié (quatre débats télévisés français et allemands traitant des caricatures de Mahomet en 2006), un des moyens de la construction identitaire des collectifs opposés en discours („l'islam“ / „der Westen“, „l'Occident“) est leur ancrage dans l'histoire. Nous analysons la façon dont l'historicisation permet la stéréotypisation de soi et de l'autre, en nous penchant sur les modalités linguistiques et énonciative de cette stéréotypisation, sur le contenu des stéréotypes ainsi que sur les effets pragmatiques en résultant. Nous étudions enfin les cas où l'historicisation identitaire de l'exogroupe est discutée en mettant en avant les modalités de traitement interactionnel du dissensus. Ces derniers révèlent les limites mais aussi la plasticité du stéréotype.

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  • Authors: M, Heisenberg;

    Initiation as a basic property of behavioral activity is functionally analyzed and discussed at the level of voluntary behavior. Fixed action patterns often are not released by stimuli but are generated by the animal itself through brain processes of the Darwinian type. Analogous to mutations, behavioral "subroutines" are brought up by chance and are subjected to selection either by the change in the situation (trial and the elimination of error) or by mental activity suppressing inappropriate behavior even before it is executed. Initiation improves the chance of survival. It is a prerequisite of goal-oriented behavior, an essential constituent of operant conditioning and presumably the first step in the evolution of thought. According to I. Kant a person is free if, by following his own directive, he does what has to be done. This definition meets the two central criteria of initiation: the independence of releasing stimuli and the adaptive value of the behavior generated.

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  • Authors: E, Wolpert; B, Neundörfer; D, Kömpf; J, Braun;

    Nineteen subjects (10 males and 9 females, aged between 18 and 61 years) with an occipital 4-5 c/s EEG rhythm were tested using a multidimensional psychological test program. The program consisted of the IST of Amthauer, the Raven Test, the German version of the MMPI ("MMPI Saarbrücken"), the Cattell 16-PF-questionnaire, Brickenkamp's d2-Test, and a test battery for psychomotor impairment. A group of normal persons with a regular alpha EEG, matched according to sex and age, was used to provide test norms for the 4-5 c/s EEG group. No difference in intelligence was found, but statistically significant differences were found in some personality traits in the MMPI and the 16-PF-questionnaire. Taking into consideration that the 4-5 c/s EEG group of the study is a subjective sample not randomly selected, this study showed that the male subjects with a 4-5 c/s rhythm as more sensitive, more tender and gentle, more anxious, and less tolerant of stress when compared with the control group; in terms of sex-specific personality traits, they tend to show more female features. Furthermore, the clinical observations of the psychological test date are discussed, i.e., that the subjects with 4-5 c/s rhythms suffer more frequently from functional somatic complaints (observed in 13 cases: 9 with neurovegetative disturbances, 4 with psychosomatic diseases) and/or show psychopathological features (observed in 12 cases: 8 with abnormal personality traits, 4 with neurotic personality development).

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  • Authors: K H, Krause;
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  • Authors: N, HIBLER;
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  • Authors: Bernd A, Leidel; Christian, Peiser; Stefan, Wolf; Karl-Georg, Kanz;
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  • Authors: R, Fatzer;
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The following results are related to Neuroinformatics. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
  • Authors: B I, Bauer; C L, Geletnecky; R, Lorenz; W, Seeger; +2 Authors
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  • Authors: F A, Steiner; K, Ruf;
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  • Authors: B, Riffel; M, Stöhr; H, Reich; A, Delcker;

    Visual, auditory and somatosensory evoked potentials are useful in the detection and localization of demyelinating lesions, which mainly cause a slowing of conduction and therefore a latency increase in the evoked potential. Primarily amplitude reductions or loss of the response are seen in partial or complete impulse conduction blocks due to a tumor e.g. Acoustic nerve tumors can be detected by AEP, orbit tumors or processes of the chiasm by VEP and spinal cord tumors by SEP. The use of evoked potentials for the evaluation of ophthalmologic disorders, for audiometry in children and for monitoring head-injured patients with coma have become a valuable aid to the physician too.

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  • Authors: Hekmat, Ida;

    Dieses Paper befasst sich mit dem, was wir „Vergeschichtlichung“ nennen, d.h. die Art und Weise, wie die entgegengesetzten kollektiven Identitäten der Ingroup (“der Westen”) und der Outgroup (“Der Islam”) in den von uns analysierten Talkshows durch eine Verankerung in der Geschichte konstruiert werden. Das analysierte Korpus besteht aus zwei deutschen und zwei französischen Fernsehdebatten, die 2006 den „Karikaturenstreit“ thematisieren. Untersucht werden sowohl die geschichtlichen Epochen, die für die Identitätskonstruktionen bemüht werden, als auch die linguistischen Mittel ihrer Äußerung. Die Identitätskonstruktion erfolgt auf stereotype Weise. Dabei ist festzustellen, dass die Vergeschichtlichungen nicht nur stereotype Gruppenidentitäten, sondern auch stereotype Geschichtsbilder konstruieren. Ferner werden die Vergeschichtlichungen teilweise im Laufe der Gespräche diskutiert; wobei die Grenzen sowie die paradoxe Plastizität des Stereotyps sichtbar werden. Dans le corpus étudié (quatre débats télévisés français et allemands traitant des caricatures de Mahomet en 2006), un des moyens de la construction identitaire des collectifs opposés en discours („l'islam“ / „der Westen“, „l'Occident“) est leur ancrage dans l'histoire. Nous analysons la façon dont l'historicisation permet la stéréotypisation de soi et de l'autre, en nous penchant sur les modalités linguistiques et énonciative de cette stéréotypisation, sur le contenu des stéréotypes ainsi que sur les effets pragmatiques en résultant. Nous étudions enfin les cas où l'historicisation identitaire de l'exogroupe est discutée en mettant en avant les modalités de traitement interactionnel du dissensus. Ces derniers révèlent les limites mais aussi la plasticité du stéréotype.

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  • Authors: M, Heisenberg;

    Initiation as a basic property of behavioral activity is functionally analyzed and discussed at the level of voluntary behavior. Fixed action patterns often are not released by stimuli but are generated by the animal itself through brain processes of the Darwinian type. Analogous to mutations, behavioral "subroutines" are brought up by chance and are subjected to selection either by the change in the situation (trial and the elimination of error) or by mental activity suppressing inappropriate behavior even before it is executed. Initiation improves the chance of survival. It is a prerequisite of goal-oriented behavior, an essential constituent of operant conditioning and presumably the first step in the evolution of thought. According to I. Kant a person is free if, by following his own directive, he does what has to be done. This definition meets the two central criteria of initiation: the independence of releasing stimuli and the adaptive value of the behavior generated.

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  • Authors: E, Wolpert; B, Neundörfer; D, Kömpf; J, Braun;

    Nineteen subjects (10 males and 9 females, aged between 18 and 61 years) with an occipital 4-5 c/s EEG rhythm were tested using a multidimensional psychological test program. The program consisted of the IST of Amthauer, the Raven Test, the German version of the MMPI ("MMPI Saarbrücken"), the Cattell 16-PF-questionnaire, Brickenkamp's d2-Test, and a test battery for psychomotor impairment. A group of normal persons with a regular alpha EEG, matched according to sex and age, was used to provide test norms for the 4-5 c/s EEG group. No difference in intelligence was found, but statistically significant differences were found in some personality traits in the MMPI and the 16-PF-questionnaire. Taking into consideration that the 4-5 c/s EEG group of the study is a subjective sample not randomly selected, this study showed that the male subjects with a 4-5 c/s rhythm as more sensitive, more tender and gentle, more anxious, and less tolerant of stress when compared with the control group; in terms of sex-specific personality traits, they tend to show more female features. Furthermore, the clinical observations of the psychological test date are discussed, i.e., that the subjects with 4-5 c/s rhythms suffer more frequently from functional somatic complaints (observed in 13 cases: 9 with neurovegetative disturbances, 4 with psychosomatic diseases) and/or show psychopathological features (observed in 12 cases: 8 with abnormal personality traits, 4 with neurotic personality development).

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  • Authors: K H, Krause;
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