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  • Neuroinformatics

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Weiqi Zhao; Clare E. Palmer; Thompson Wk; Terry L. Jernigan; Anders M. Dale; Chun Chieh Fan;
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
    Project: NIH | ABCD-USA Consortium: Rese... (5U01DA041022-03), NIH | ABCD-USA Consortium: UWM ... (1U01DA041025-01), NIH | Adolescent Brain Cognitiv... (3U01DA041117-04S1), NIH | Prospective Research Stud... (3U01DA041134-04S1), NIH | ABCD-USA: NYC Research Pr... (1U01DA041174-01), NIH | ABCD-USA Consortium: Rese... (1U01DA041048-01), NIH | ABCD-USA Consortium: Coor... (3U24DA041147-04S2), NIH | ABCD-USA Consortium: Rese... (3U01DA041148-04S1), NIH | ABCD-USA Consortium: Rese... (1U01DA041106-01), NIH | 13/13 ABCD-USA Consortium... (1U01DA041093-01),...

    ABSTRACTThe traditional brain mapping approach has greatly advanced our understanding of the localized effect of the brain on behavior. However, the statistically significant brain regions identified by standard mass univariate models only explain minimal variance in be...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    S E Chua; P J McKenna;

    BackgroundWith genetic and neurochemical findings pointing to a biological aetiology, considerable effort has been devoted to finding direct evidence of brain abnormality in schizophrenia.MethodT, MRI, post-mortem and functional imaging studies are reviewed to assess wh...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Raffaele Lodi; Piero Parchi; Caterina Tonon; David Neil Manners; Sabina Capellari; Rosaria Strammiello; Rita Rinaldi; Claudia Testa; Emil Malucelli; Barbara Mostacci; +5 more
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
    Country: Italy

    The intra vitam diagnosis of prion disease is challenging and a definite diagnosis still requires neuropathological examination in non-familial cases. Magnetic resonance imaging has gained increasing importance in the diagnosis of prion disease. The aim of this study wa...

  • Open Access English

    脳科学の発展に伴い、多くの研究者は人間の精神活動を脳の神経細胞 (neuron) あるいはその集合体 (cell assembly) や神経回路網 (neural net) の活動という微視的な観点から説明しようと試みてきた。他方で、非侵襲的なニューロイメジングの技術開発により生きた脳の活動(血流量や代謝量の変化)を巨視的に観察し、それぞれの精神活動(認知過程)に対応する脳領域を特定することが可能となり、新たなモデルの展開に拍車をかけた。しかし、人間の精神現状(意識)がすなわちニューロン群の活動であるといった一元論的な見方をしない限り...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    V. Kavitha; D. Narayana Dutt; N. Pradhan;
    Publisher: IEEE

    The random looking brain electrical activity patterns recorded as EEG is currently understood to be the outcome of a chaotic process. This study addresses the problem of nonlinear prediction of chaotic EEG data using a simplex method. A fixed length of EEG data is taken...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jae Hwan Kang; Ji Woon Jeong; Hyun Kim; Sang Hee Kim; Sung-Phil Kim;
    Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)

    Recently, numerous efforts have been made to understand the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive regulation of emotion, such as cognitive reappraisal. Many studies have reported that cognitive control of emotion induces increases in neural activity of the control syst...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Amr Essa; Maryam Gbadamosi-Akindele; Alan E. Lichtin;
    Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group

    A 61-year-old woman with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) without maturation (M1) with trisomy 13 who achieved complete remission after her initial diagnosis with cytarabine and idarubicin. Two years later, she relapsed and underwent successful haematopoietic stem cell tra...

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Volker Dietz; Gianluca Macauda; Miriam Schrafl-Altermatt; Markus Wirz; Evelyne Kloter; Lars Michels;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
    Country: Switzerland

    The neural control of "cooperative" hand movements reflecting "opening a bottle" was explored in human subjects by electromyographic (EMG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recordings. EMG responses to unilateral nonnoxious ulnar nerve stimulation were an...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lee B. Reid; Alex M. Pagnozzi; Simona Fiori; Roslyn N. Boyd; Nicholas Dowson; Stephen E. Rose;
    Publisher: Wiley

    Researchers in the field of child neurology are increasingly looking to supplement clinical trials of motor rehabilitation with neuroimaging in order to better understand the relationship between behavioural training, brain changes, and clinical improvements. Randomised...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nora S. Vyas; Yi Wang; Shemin S. Vyas; Eoin Killackey; Tor-Arne Haugland; Raymond C.K. Chan;
    Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.

    Theory of mind deficit is a core feature of schizophrenia and is considered a vulnerability marker of the disorder. The majority of studies measuring theory of mind in schizophrenia involve multiple-episode or chronic schizophrenia patients, and therefore it is importan...