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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Armstrong, Richard A.; Cairns, Nigel J.;

    Recent research suggests cell-to-cell transfer of pathogenic proteins such as tau and α-synuclein may play a role in neurodegeneration. Pathogenic spread along neural pathways may give rise to specific spatial patterns of the neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCI) characteristic of these disorders. Hence, the spatial patterns of NCI were compared in four tauopathies, viz., Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, corticobasal degeneration, and progressive supranuclear palsy, two synucleinopathies, viz., dementia with Lewy bodies and multiple system atrophy, the 'fused in sarcoma' (FUS)-immunoreactive inclusions in neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease, and the transactive response DNA-binding protein (TDP-43)-immunoreactive inclusions in frontotemporal lobar degeneration, a TDP-43 proteinopathy (FTLD-TDP). Regardless of molecular group or morphology, NCI were most frequently aggregated into clusters, the clusters being regularly distributed parallel to the pia mater. In a significant proportion of regions, the regularly distributed clusters were in the size range 400-800 μm, approximating to the dimension of cell columns associated with the cortico-cortical pathways. The data suggest that cortical NCI in different disorders exhibit a similar spatial pattern in the cortex consistent with pathogenic spread along anatomical pathways. Hence, treatments designed to protect the cortex from neurodegeneration may be applicable across several different disorders. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ CORE (RIOXX-UK Aggre...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2012
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    Journal of Neural Transmission
    Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ CORE (RIOXX-UK Aggre...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2012
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Neural Transmission
      Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Nosková, Lenka; Stránecký, Viktor; Hartmannová, Hana; Přistoupilová, Anna; +13 Authors

    Abstract: Autosomal-dominant adult-onset neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (ANCL) is characterized by accumulation of autofluorescent storage material in neural tissues and neurodegeneration and has an age of onset in the third decade of life or later. The genetic and molecular basis of the disease has remained unknown for many years. We carried out linkage mapping, gene-expression analysis, exome sequencing, and candidate-gene sequencing in affected individuals from 20 families and/or individuals with simplex cases; we identified in five individuals one of two disease-causing mutations, c.346_348delCTC and c.344T>G, in DNAJC5 encoding cysteine-string protein alpha (CSPα). These mutationscausing a deletion, p.Leu116del, and an amino acid exchange, p.Leu115Arg, respectivelyare located within the cysteine-string domain of the protein and affect both palmitoylation-dependent sorting and the amount of CSPα in neuronal cells. The resulting depletion of functional CSPα might cause in parallel the presynaptic dysfunction and the progressive neurodegeneration observed in affected individuals and lysosomal accumulation of misfolded and proteolysis-resistant proteins in the form of characteristic ceroid deposits in neurons. Our work represents an important step in the genetic dissection of a genetically heterogeneous group of ANCLs. It also confirms a neuroprotective role for CSPα in humans and demonstrates the need for detailed investigation of CSPα in the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses and other neurodegenerative diseases presenting with neuronal protein aggregation.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ The American Journal...arrow_drop_down
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    The American Journal of Human Genetics
    Article . 2011 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier Non-Commercial
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2011
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2011
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    The American Journal of Human Genetics
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      The American Journal of Human Genetics
      Article . 2011 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier Non-Commercial
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2011
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      Other literature type . 2011
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      The American Journal of Human Genetics
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lu, Hanna; Li, Jing; Zhang, Li; Meng, Lin; +2 Authors

    Additional file 1: Supplementary Table 1. The magnitude and distribution of SCD-dependent electric fields in PD patients and normal controls. Supplementary Table 2. The distribution of SCD-dependent electric fields in PD patients and normal controls. Supplementary Table 3. The focality of SCD-dependent electric fields in PD patients and normal controls. Supplementary Figure 1. Head models of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced SCD-dependent electric fields (E-fields) in early-stage PD patients. Supplementary Figure 2. Comparisons of the focality of the SCD-dependent transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced electric fields (E-fields) in normal controls (NCs) and early-stage Parkinson?s disease (PD) patients. Supplementary Figure 3. Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curves for the cognition and the geometric and morphometric features with differential values in early-stage Parkinson?s disease (PD) patients.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cavedo, Enrica; Tran, Philippe; Thoprakarn, Urielle; Martini, Jean-Baptiste; +10 Authors

    Abstract Objectives QyScore® is an imaging analysis tool certified in Europe (CE marked) and the US (FDA cleared) for the automatic volumetry of grey and white matter (GM and WM respectively), hippocampus (HP), amygdala (AM), and white matter hyperintensity (WMH). Here we compare QyScore® performances with the consensus of expert neuroradiologists. Methods Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and the relative volume difference (RVD) for GM, WM volumes were calculated on 50 3DT1 images. DSC and the F1 metrics were calculated for WMH on 130 3DT1 and FLAIR images. For each index, we identified thresholds of reliability based on current literature review results. We hypothesized that DSC/F1 scores obtained using QyScore® markers would be higher than the threshold. In contrast, RVD scores would be lower. Regression analysis and Bland–Altman plots were obtained to evaluate QyScore® performance in comparison to the consensus of three expert neuroradiologists. Results The lower bound of the DSC/F1 confidence intervals was higher than the threshold for the GM, WM, HP, AM, and WMH, and the higher bounds of the RVD confidence interval were below the threshold for the WM, GM, HP, and AM. QyScore®, compared with the consensus of three expert neuroradiologists, provides reliable performance for the automatic segmentation of the GM and WM volumes, and HP and AM volumes, as well as WMH volumes. Conclusions QyScore® represents a reliable medical device in comparison with the consensus of expert neuroradiologists. Therefore, QyScore® could be implemented in clinical trials and clinical routine to support the diagnosis and longitudinal monitoring of neurological diseases. Key Points • QyScore® provides reliable automatic segmentation of brain structures in comparison with the consensus of three expert neuroradiologists. • QyScore® automatic segmentation could be performed on MRI images using different vendors and protocols of acquisition. In addition, the fast segmentation process saves time over manual and semi-automatic methods. • QyScore® could be implemented in clinical trials and clinical routine to support the diagnosis and longitudinal monitoring of neurological diseases.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ INRIA a CCSD electro...arrow_drop_down
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    European Radiology
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    European Radiology
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ INRIA a CCSD electro...arrow_drop_down
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      European Radiology
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      European Radiology
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Cassidy M. Fiford; Jennifer M. Nicholas; Geert Jan Biessels; Christopher A. Lane; +2 Authors

    Abstract Introduction Understanding relationships among blood pressure (BP), cognition, and brain volume could inform Alzheimer's disease (AD) management. Methods We investigated Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) participants: 200 controls, 346 mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 154 AD. National Alzheimer's Co‐ordinating Center (NACC) participants were separately analyzed: 1098 controls, 2297 MCI, and 4845 AD. Relationships between cognition and BP were assessed in both cohorts and BP and atrophy rates in ADNI. Multivariate mixed linear‐regression models were fitted with joint outcomes of BP (systolic, diastolic, and pulse pressure), cognition (Mini‐Mental State Examination, Logical Memory, and Digit Symbol) and atrophy rate (whole‐brain, hippocampus). Results ADNI MCI and AD patients with greater baseline systolic BP had higher hippocampal atrophy rates ([r, P value]; 0.2, 0.005 and 0.2, 0.04, respectively). NACC AD patients with lower systolic BP had lower cognitive scores (0.1, 0.0003). Discussion Higher late‐life BP may be associated with faster decline in cognitively impaired elders.

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2020
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    Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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      Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
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    Authors: Hoyos-Idrobo, Andrés; Schwartz, Yannick; Varoquaux, Gaël; Thirion, Bertrand;

    International audience; —The identification of image regions associated with external variables through discriminative approaches yields ill-posed estimation problems. This estimation challenge can be tackled by imposing sparse solutions. However, the sensitivity of sparse estimators to correlated variables leads to non-reproducible results, and only a subset of the important variables are selected. In this paper, we explore an approach based on bagging clustering-based data compression in order to alleviate the instability of sparse models. Specifically, we design a new framework in which the estimator is built by averaging multiple models estimated after feature clustering, to improve the conditioning of the model. We show that this combination of model averaging with spatially consistent compression can have the virtuous effect of increasing the stability of the weight maps, allowing a better interpretation of the results. Finally, we demonstrate the benefit of our approach on several predictive modeling problems.

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    Authors: Ridgway, Gerard R.; Litvak, Vladimir; Flandin, Guillaume; Friston, Karl J.; +1 Authors

    Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) locates significant clusters based on a ratio of signal to noise (a ‘contrast’ of the parameters divided by its standard error) meaning that very low noise regions, for example outside the brain, can attain artefactually high statistical values. Similarly, the commonly applied preprocessing step of Gaussian spatial smoothing can shift the peak statistical significance away from the peak of the contrast and towards regions of lower variance. These problems have previously been identified in positron emission tomography (PET) (Reimold et al., 2006) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) (Acosta-Cabronero et al., 2008), but can also appear in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. Additionally, for source-reconstructed magneto- and electro-encephalography (M/EEG), the problems are particularly severe because sparsity-favouring priors constrain meaningfully large signal and variance to a small set of compactly supported regions within the brain. (Acosta-Cabronero et al., 2008) suggested adding noise to background voxels (the ‘haircut’), effectively increasing their noise variance, but at the cost of contaminating neighbouring regions with the added noise once smoothed. Following theory and simulations, we propose to modify – directly and solely – the noise variance estimate, and investigate this solution on real imaging data from a range of modalities. Highlights ► Statistical parametric mapping judges significance with a signal-to-noise ratio. ► Low noise, e.g. outside the brain, can yield artefactually high statistical values. ► Spatial smoothing can shift peaks substantially towards regions of low variance. ► Source-reconstructed M/EEG data exhibits the problem particularly severely. ► The problem can be addressed by modifying the noise variance estimate.

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2012
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    NeuroImage
    Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
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      NeuroImage
      Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Bruno A. Benitez; Nigel J. Cairns; Robert E. Schmidt; John C. Morris; +3 Authors

    Autosomal dominant adult-onset neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (AD-ANCL) is a multisystem disease caused by mutations in the DNAJC5 gene. DNAJC5 encodes Cysteine String Protein-alpha (CSPα), a putative synaptic protein. AD-ANCL has been traditionally considered a lysosomal storage disease based on the intracellular accumulation of ceroid material. Here, we report for the first time the pathological findings of a patient in a clinically early stage of disease, which exhibits the typical neuronal intracellular ceroid accumulation and incipient neuroinflammation but no signs of brain atrophy, neurodegeneration or massive synaptic loss. Interestingly, we found minimal or no apparent reductions in CSPα or synaptophysin in the neuropil. In contrast, brain homogenates from terminal AD-ANCL patients exhibit significant reductions in SNARE-complex forming presynaptic protein levels, including a significant reduction in CSPα and SNAP-25. Frozen samples for the biochemical analyses of synaptic proteins were not available for the early stage AD-ANLC patient. These results suggest that the degeneration seen in the patients with AD-ANCL reported here might be a consequence of both the early effects of CSPα mutations at the cellular soma, most likely lysosome function, and subsequent neuronal loss and synaptic dysfunction.

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2015
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    Acta Neuropathologica Communications
    Article . 2015 . Peer-reviewed
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    Acta Neuropathologica Communications
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      Acta Neuropathologica Communications
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      Acta Neuropathologica Communications
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    Authors: A, Tam; C, Laurent; S, Gauthier; C, Dansereau;

    A key issue to Alzheimer's disease clinical trial failures is poor participant selection. Participants have heterogeneous cognitive trajectories and many do not decline during trials, which reduces a study's power to detect treatment effects. Trials need enrichment strategies to enroll individuals who will decline. We developed machine learning models to predict cognitive trajectories in participants with early Alzheimer's disease (n=1342) and presymptomatic individuals (n=756) over 24 and 48 months respectively. Baseline magnetic resonance imaging, cognitive tests, demographics, and APOE genotype were used to classify decliners, measured by an increase in CDR-Sum of Boxes, and non-decliners with up to 79% area under the curve (cross-validated and out-of-sample). Using these prognostic models to recruit enriched cohorts of decliners can reduce required sample sizes by as much as 51%, while maintaining the same detection power, and thus may improve trial quality, derisk endpoint failures, and accelerate therapeutic development in Alzheimer's disease. Comment: 11 pages, 3 main figures, 3 main tables, supplementary material (3 tables, 2 figures), incorporated feedback from reviewers in the introduction and discussion

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    The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer s Disease
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2021
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      The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer s Disease
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2021
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    Authors: Thibeau-Sutre, Elina;

    L’objectif de cette thèse était la validation de l’existence ainsi que la découverte de nouveaux sous-types au sein de la maladie d’Alzheimer, première cause de démence au monde. Afin d’explorer son hétérogénéité, nous avons employé des méthodes d’apprentissage profond appliquées à une modalité de neuroimagerie, l’imagerie par résonance magnétique structurelle.Cependant, la découverte de biais méthodologiques importants dans de nombreuses études de notre domaine, ainsi que l’absence de consensus de la communauté sur la manière d’interpréter les résultats des méthodes d’apprentissage profond a fait en partie dévier la thèse de son objectif principal pour s’orienter d’avantage vers des problématiques de validation, de robustesse et d’interprétabilité de l’apprentissage profond. Ainsi, trois études expérimentales ont été menées pour s’assurer de la capacité des réseaux profonds de correctement détecter la maladie. La première est une étude expérimentale de méthodes d’apprentissage profond pour la classification de la maladie d’Alzheimer et a permis d’établir une juste comparaison des méthodes. La seconde étude a permis de constater un manque de robustesse de la classification avec l’apprentissage profond en termes de motifs d’atrophie découverts à l’aide de méthodes d’interprétabilité. Enfin, la dernière étude propose une méthode de découverte de sous-types aidée par l’augmentation de données. Bien que fonctionnant sur des données synthétiques, celle-ci ne généralise pas aux données réelles.Une contribution majeure de la thèse est la librairie ClinicaDL, grâce à laquelle les résultats expérimentaux de la thèse ont été produits de manière à être reproductibles. The goal of this PhD was the validation of the existence and the discovery of new subtypes of Alzheimer’s disease, the first cause of dementia worldwide. Indeed, despite its discovery more than a century ago, this disease is still not well defined and existing treatments are only weakly effective, possibly because several phenotypes exist within the disease. In order to explore its heterogeneity, we employed deep learning methods applied to a neuroimaging modality, structural magnetic resonance imaging.However, the discovery of important methodological biases in many studies in our field, as well as the lack of consensus regarding deep learning interpretability, partly changed the main objective of the PhD to focus more on issues of validation, robustness and interpretability of deep learning. Then, to correctly assess the ability of deep learning to detect Alzheimer’s disease, three experimental studies were conducted. The first one is a study of deep learning methods for Alzheimer’s classification and allowed a fair comparison of the methods. The second study found a lack of robustness of classification with deep learning in terms of atrophy patterns discovered using interpretability methods. Finally, the last study proposed a subtype discovery method aided by data augmentation. Although it works on synthetic data, it does not generalize to real data.Experimental results of this PhD were obtained thanks to ClinicaDL, one major contribution of this PhD. It is an open source Python library that was used to improve the reproducibility of deep learning experiments.

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    Authors: Armstrong, Richard A.; Cairns, Nigel J.;

    Recent research suggests cell-to-cell transfer of pathogenic proteins such as tau and α-synuclein may play a role in neurodegeneration. Pathogenic spread along neural pathways may give rise to specific spatial patterns of the neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCI) characteristic of these disorders. Hence, the spatial patterns of NCI were compared in four tauopathies, viz., Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, corticobasal degeneration, and progressive supranuclear palsy, two synucleinopathies, viz., dementia with Lewy bodies and multiple system atrophy, the 'fused in sarcoma' (FUS)-immunoreactive inclusions in neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease, and the transactive response DNA-binding protein (TDP-43)-immunoreactive inclusions in frontotemporal lobar degeneration, a TDP-43 proteinopathy (FTLD-TDP). Regardless of molecular group or morphology, NCI were most frequently aggregated into clusters, the clusters being regularly distributed parallel to the pia mater. In a significant proportion of regions, the regularly distributed clusters were in the size range 400-800 μm, approximating to the dimension of cell columns associated with the cortico-cortical pathways. The data suggest that cortical NCI in different disorders exhibit a similar spatial pattern in the cortex consistent with pathogenic spread along anatomical pathways. Hence, treatments designed to protect the cortex from neurodegeneration may be applicable across several different disorders. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ CORE (RIOXX-UK Aggre...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2012
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    Journal of Neural Transmission
    Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ CORE (RIOXX-UK Aggre...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2012
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      Journal of Neural Transmission
      Article . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Springer TDM
      Data sources: Crossref
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    Authors: Nosková, Lenka; Stránecký, Viktor; Hartmannová, Hana; Přistoupilová, Anna; +13 Authors

    Abstract: Autosomal-dominant adult-onset neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (ANCL) is characterized by accumulation of autofluorescent storage material in neural tissues and neurodegeneration and has an age of onset in the third decade of life or later. The genetic and molecular basis of the disease has remained unknown for many years. We carried out linkage mapping, gene-expression analysis, exome sequencing, and candidate-gene sequencing in affected individuals from 20 families and/or individuals with simplex cases; we identified in five individuals one of two disease-causing mutations, c.346_348delCTC and c.344T>G, in DNAJC5 encoding cysteine-string protein alpha (CSPα). These mutationscausing a deletion, p.Leu116del, and an amino acid exchange, p.Leu115Arg, respectivelyare located within the cysteine-string domain of the protein and affect both palmitoylation-dependent sorting and the amount of CSPα in neuronal cells. The resulting depletion of functional CSPα might cause in parallel the presynaptic dysfunction and the progressive neurodegeneration observed in affected individuals and lysosomal accumulation of misfolded and proteolysis-resistant proteins in the form of characteristic ceroid deposits in neurons. Our work represents an important step in the genetic dissection of a genetically heterogeneous group of ANCLs. It also confirms a neuroprotective role for CSPα in humans and demonstrates the need for detailed investigation of CSPα in the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses and other neurodegenerative diseases presenting with neuronal protein aggregation.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ The American Journal...arrow_drop_down
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    The American Journal of Human Genetics
    Article . 2011 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier Non-Commercial
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2011
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2011
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    The American Journal of Human Genetics
    Article
    License: Elsevier Non-Commercial
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