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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lasserre, F.; Cautenet, G.; Bouet, Christel; Dong, X.; +4 Authors

    International audience; In order to assess the complex mixing of atmospheric anthropogenic and natural pollutants over the East Asian region, we propose to take into account the main aerosols simultaneously present over China, Korea and Japan during the spring season. With the mesoscale RAMS (Regional Atmospheric Modeling System) tool, we present a simulation of natural (desert) dust events along with some of the most critical anthropogenic pollutants over East Asia: sulphur elements (SO2 and SO42-) and Black Carbon (BC). During a 2-week case study of dust events which occurred in April 2005 over an area extending from the Gobi deserts to the Japan surroundings, we retrieve the behaviours of the different aerosols plumes. We focus on possible dust mixing with the anthropogenic pollutants from megalopolis. For both natural and anthropogenic pollution, the model results are in general agreement with the horizontal and vertical distributions of concentrations as measured by remote data, in situ LIDAR, PM10 data and literature. In particular, we show that a simplified chemistry approach of this complex issue can be efficient enough to model this event, with a real-time step of 3 h. The model provides the good shapes and orders of magnitude for the Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) and species contributions (via the Angström Exponent) when compared with the AERONET data.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ https://www.atmos-ch...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    https://www.atmos-chem-phys.ne...
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
    Preprint . 2007
    License: CC BY
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    Article . 2007
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ https://www.atmos-ch...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      https://www.atmos-chem-phys.ne...
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
      Preprint . 2007
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Tiantao Cheng; Yiran Peng; Johann Feichter; Ina Tegen;

    Abstract. Formulation of the dust emission scheme in the global aerosol-climate modeling system ECHAM5-HAM has been improved. Modifications on the surface aerodynamic roughness length, soil moisture and East-Asian soil properties are included in the parameterization, which result in a large impact on the threshold wind friction velocity for aeolian erosion and thus influence the simulated dust emission amount. The annual global mean of dust emission in the year 2000 is reduced by 76.5% and 2.2%, respectively, due to changes in the aerodynamic roughness length and the soil moisture. An inclusion of detailed East-Asian soil properties leads to an increase of 16.6% in the annual global mean of dust emission, which exhibits mainly in the arid and semi-arid areas of northern China and southern Mongolia. Measurements of the surface dust concentrations are collected in remote marine sites globally and in dust source regions of East Asia. The averaged relative differences between model results and measurements are reduced from 17% to 12% in global remote marine sites and from 69% to 30% in East Asia, by including the improvements. Comparisons between model results and available measurements verify a more realistic dust distribution with the improved emission scheme.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ MPG.PuRearrow_drop_down
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    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)
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    https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
    Preprint . 2007
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    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)
    Article . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.34657/778...
    Article . 2008
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ MPG.PuRearrow_drop_down
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      https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
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      https://doi.org/10.34657/778...
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Biwei Jiang; Alain Omont; Shashikiran Ganesh; Grégory Simon; +1 Authors

    A 0.35\degr $\times$ 0.29\degr field centered at $l$=--18.63\degr, $b$=0.35\degr was observed during the ISOGAL survey by ISOCAM imaging at 7$\mu$m and 15{\rm $\mu$m}. 648 objects were detected and their brightness are measured. By combining with the DENIS data in the near-infrared J and K$_{\rm S}$ bands, one derives the extinction at 7{\rm $\mu$m} through ${\rm A_{K_{\rm S}}-A_7= 0.35 (A_J-A_{K_{\rm S}})}$ which yields A$_{7}$/A$_{\it V}$ $\sim$0.03 from the near-IR extinction values of van de Hulst--Glass (Glass 1999). The extinction structure along the line of sight is then determined from the values of J--K$_{\rm S}$ or K$_{\rm S}$--[7] of the ISOGAL sources identified as RGB or early AGB stars with mild mass-loss. The distribution of A$_{\it V}$ ranges from 0 to $\sim$45 and it reflects the concentration of the extinction in the spiral arms. Based on their locations in color-magnitude diagrams and a few cross-identifications with IRAS and MSX sources, the nature of objects is discussed in comparison with the case of a low extinction field in Baade's Window. Most of the objects are either AGB stars with moderate mass loss rate or luminous RGB stars. Some of them may be AGB stars with high mass loss rate. In addition, a few young stellar objects (YSOs) are present. Comment: 14 pages, accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics

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    Astronomy and Astrophysics
    Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2003
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    Other literature type . Article . 2003
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      Astronomy and Astrophysics
      Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Hu, Y.; Fu, Qinjun;

    Abstract. Using three meteorological reanalyses and three outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) datasets, we show that the Hadley circulation has a significant poleward expansion of about 2 to 4.5 degrees of latitude since 1979. The three reanalyses along with the MSU data all indicate that the poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation in each hemisphere occurs during its spring and fall seasons. Results from the OLR datasets do not have such seasonality. The expansion of the Hadley circulation implies a poleward expansion of the band of subtropical subsidence, leading to enhanced mid-latitude tropospheric warming and poleward shifts of the subtropical dry zone. This would contribute to an increased frequency of midlatitude droughts in both hemispheres.

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    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)
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    https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
    Preprint . 2007
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    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)
    Article . 2007 . Peer-reviewed
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      Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)
      Article . Preprint
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      https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
      Preprint . 2007
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      Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)
      Article . 2007 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Huang, Xiao-Feng; Yu, Jian Zhen;

    Abstract. Elemental carbon (EC), as one of the primary light-absorbing components in the atmosphere, has a significant impact on both regional and global climate. The environmental impacts of EC are strongly dependent on its particle size. Little is known about the size distribution characteristics of EC particles in the ambient environments of China. We here report size distributions of EC in the urban area of Shenzhen in South China. EC consistently exhibited two modes, a fine and a coarse mode. The majority of EC (~80%) in this coastal metropolitan city resided in particles smaller than 3.2 μm in diameter. The fine mode peaked at around either 0.42 μm or 0.75 μm. While the mode at 0.42 μm could be ascribed to fresh vehicular emissions in this region, the mode at 0.75 μm had to be a result of particle growth from smaller EC particles. We made a theoretical investigation of the particle growth processes that were responsible for EC particles to grow from 0.42 μm to 0.75 μm in the atmosphere. Our calculations indicate that the EC peak at 0.75 μm could not be produced through either coagulation or H2SO4 condensation; both were too slow to lead to significant EC growth. Hygroscopic growth was also calculated to be impossible. Instead, addition of sulfate through in-cloud processing was found to be able to significantly grow EC particles to explain the EC peak at 0.75 μm. We also estimated from the EC size distributions the mixing state of EC. In the droplet size, at least 45–60% of EC mass in the summer samples and 68% of EC mass in the winter samples was internally mixed with sulfate as a result of in-cloud processing. Such information on EC needs to be considered in modeling aerosol optical properties in this region. Our results also suggest that the in-cloud processing of primary EC particles could enhance light absorbing capacities through mixing EC and sulfate.

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    https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
    Preprint . 2007
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    https://www.atmos-chem-phys.ne...
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      https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
      Preprint . 2007
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      https://www.atmos-chem-phys.ne...
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    Authors: Zhang, D. F.; Zakey, A. S.; Gao, X. J.; Giorgi, F.;

    Abstract. The ICTP regional climate model (RegCM3) coupled with a desert dust model is used to simulate the radiative forcing and related climate effects of dust aerosols over East Asia. Two sets of experiments encompassing the main dust producing months, February to May, for 10 years (1997–2006) are conducted and inter-compared, one without (Exp. 1) and one with (Exp. 2) the radiative effects of dust aerosols. The simulation results are evaluated against ground station and satellite data. The model captures the basic observed climatology over the area of interest. The spatial and temporal variations of near surface concentration, mass load, and emission of dust aerosols from the main source regions are reproduced by model, with the main model deficiency being an overestimate of dust amount over the source regions and underestimate downwind of these source areas. Both the top-of-the-atmosphere (TOA) and surface radiative fluxes are decreased by dust and this causes a surface cooling locally up to −1°C. The inclusion of dust radiative forcing leads to a reduction of dust emission in the East Asia source regions, which is mainly caused by an increase in local stability and a corresponding decrease in dust lifting. Our results indicate that dust effects should be included in the assessment of climate change over East Asia.

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    https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-8...
    Preprint . 2008
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    https://www.atmos-chem-phys.ne...
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    Article . 2008
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      https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-8...
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    Authors: Jian Liu; Bin Wang; Jing Yang;

    Abstract. The modern instrumental record (1979–2006) is analyzed in an attempt to reveal the dynamical structure and origins of the major modes of interannual variability of East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) and to elucidate their fundamental differences with the major modes of seasonal variability. These differences are instrumental in understanding of the forced (say orbital) and internal (say interannual) modes of variability in EASM. We show that the leading mode of interannual variation, which accounts for about 39% of the total variance, is primarily associated with decaying phases of major El Nino, whereas the second mode, which accounts for 11.3% of the total variance, is associated with the developing phase of El Nino/La Nina. The EASM responds to ENSO in a nonlinear fashion with regard to the developing and decay phases of El Nino. The two modes are determined by El Nino/La Nina forcing and monsoon-warm ocean interaction, or essentially driven by internal feedback processes within the coupled climate system. For this internal mode, the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) and subtropical EASM precipitations exhibit an out-of-phase variations; further, the Meiyu in Yangtze River Valley is also out-of-phase with the precipitation in the central North China. In contrast, the slow and fast annual cycles forced by the solar radiation show an in-phase correlation between the ITCZ and subtropical EASM precipitation. Further, the seasonal march of precipitation displays a continental-scale northward advance of a rain band (that tilts in a southwest-northeastward direction) over the entire Indian and East Asian summer monsoon from mid-May toward the end of July. This uniformity in seasonal advance suggests that the position of the northern edge of the summer monsoon or the precipitation over the central North China may be an adequate measure of the monsoon intensity for the forced mode, while the intensity of the internal mode of EASM variability should measured by the intensity of Meiyu. Given the fact that the annual modes share the similar external forcing with orbital variability, the results presented here may help to understand the differences in the EASM variability on the interannual and orbital time scales.

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    Climate of the Past (CP)
    Article . 2008
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    Climate of the Past (CP)
    Other literature type . 2018
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    Climate of the Past (CP)
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    Climate of the Past (CP)
    Article . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-4-...
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
      Other literature type . 2018
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
      Article . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-4-...
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    Authors: Liangcheng Tan; Yanjun Cai; Liang Yi; Zhisheng An; +1 Authors

    Abstract. The precipitation variations of Longxi area, northeast margin of the Tibetan Plateau since AD 960 are reconstructed from Chinese historical documentary records. These records show that since AD 960, the precipitation of Longxi decreased and reached the lowest level at the end of the 17th and the 18th centuries. After this period, the precipitation gradually increased. The three short wet periods of Longxi in the last millennium were: from the end of the 10th century to the early years of the 11th century, from the end of the 12th century to the early years of the 13th century and during the first half of the 20th century. The precipitation variations coincide well with variations of the Northern Hemisphere temperature and the atmospheric 14C concentration, as well as the averaged 10Be concentration and the reconstructed solar modulation record which show that solar activity may be an important driving force of the precipitation variations of Longxi on multi-decadal to centennial scales during the last millennium. Solar activity controls the motion of the north edge of the Asian summer monsoon by affecting the Asia summer monsoon intensity, the East Asian winter monsoon intensity and the locations of westerlies, thus further dominating precipitation variations of Longxi. Synchronous variations of Longxi precipitation and Northern Hemisphere temperature may also be ascribed to the same control of solar activity.

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    Climate of the Past (CP)
    Article . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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    Climate of the Past (CP)
    Article . 2008
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    https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-3-...
    Preprint . 2007
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    Climate of the Past (CP)
    Other literature type . 2018
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    Climate of the Past (CP)
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    Article . 2008
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
      Article . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
      Article . 2008
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      https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-3-...
      Preprint . 2007
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
      Other literature type . 2018
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      Hyper Article en Ligne
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
      Article . Preprint
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    Authors: Deng, X. H.; Anderson, R. R.; Wang, J. F.; Deng, X. H.; +5 Authors

    Accepted: 2003-04-25 資料番号: SA1003325000

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    Other literature type . Article . 2003
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    Annales Geophysicae
    Article . 2003
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    Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO)
    Other literature type . 2018
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    Annales Geophysicae
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    Annales Geophysicae
    Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
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    Annales Geophysicae
    Article . 2003
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      Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO)
      Other literature type . 2018
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      Annales Geophysicae
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      Annales Geophysicae
      Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
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      Annales Geophysicae
      Article . 2003
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    Authors: Guy Y. Cornejo Maceda; Bernd R. Noack; François Lusseyran; Nan Deng; +2 Authors

    International audience; Flow control is at the core of many engineering applications, such as drag reduction for land-, sea- and air-borne tranportation, lift increase of airfoils, mixing enhancement of chemical reactions and efficiency increase for wind turbines and marine current power, just to name a few examples. In particular, feedback turbulence control is a key enabler for those technologies (Brunton & Noack, 2015 Appl. Mech. Rev. 67, 050801).The challenges in control design are the associated high-dimensional dynamics, significant time-delays from actuation to sensing, strong nonlinearities and frequency crosstalk, making modeling and linear control theory often impractical.To address these challenges, a model-free, self-learning control strategy is developed building on corresponding experimental studies of the authors.The control design is formulated as a regression problem and solved with powerful methods of machine learning / artificial intelligence .Our machine learning control (MLC, Duriez et al. 2016 Springer) is based on genetic programming (GP), a biological inspired method that mimicks the Darwinian process of natural selection to learn the control law in an unsupervised way.MLC is applied to a direct numerical simulation of the fluidic pinball which is taken as a drag reduction benchmark.Here, three cylinders are centered on an equilateral triangle in a two dimensional flow.The flow is actuated by three independent cylinder rotations and monitored by 9 sensors downstream.The fluidic pinball is a simple configuration which shares nonlinear features of many reported actuated real flows such as bifurcations and frequency crosstalk.The goal is to reduce the parasitic drag power accounting for the actuation expenditure.On the methodological side, we increase the GP learning rate by a factor of 5, for instance, by parameter optimization and removing redundant control laws.On the physical side, we achieve 46% reduction of the net drag power comprising open-loop boat-tailing and closed-loop phasor control after testing only 1000 individuals. This reduction outperforms all other optimized symmetric actuations (like constant and periodic forcing). We expect significant performance improvements of MLC in future turbulence control experiments.

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    PAMM
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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    Article . 2019
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lasserre, F.; Cautenet, G.; Bouet, Christel; Dong, X.; +4 Authors

    International audience; In order to assess the complex mixing of atmospheric anthropogenic and natural pollutants over the East Asian region, we propose to take into account the main aerosols simultaneously present over China, Korea and Japan during the spring season. With the mesoscale RAMS (Regional Atmospheric Modeling System) tool, we present a simulation of natural (desert) dust events along with some of the most critical anthropogenic pollutants over East Asia: sulphur elements (SO2 and SO42-) and Black Carbon (BC). During a 2-week case study of dust events which occurred in April 2005 over an area extending from the Gobi deserts to the Japan surroundings, we retrieve the behaviours of the different aerosols plumes. We focus on possible dust mixing with the anthropogenic pollutants from megalopolis. For both natural and anthropogenic pollution, the model results are in general agreement with the horizontal and vertical distributions of concentrations as measured by remote data, in situ LIDAR, PM10 data and literature. In particular, we show that a simplified chemistry approach of this complex issue can be efficient enough to model this event, with a real-time step of 3 h. The model provides the good shapes and orders of magnitude for the Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) and species contributions (via the Angström Exponent) when compared with the AERONET data.

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    https://www.atmos-chem-phys.ne...
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    https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-7...
    Preprint . 2007
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    Other literature type . 2007
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