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16,539 Research products

  • Neuroinformatics
  • 2019-2023
  • Open Access
  • Hyper Article en Ligne - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Abdelghani Laifa; Laurent Gautier; Christophe Cruz;

    International audience; The present work aims to develop a text summarisation system for financial texts with a focus on the fluidity of the target language. Linguistic analysis shows that the process of writing summaries should take into account not only terminological and collocational extraction, but also a range of linguistic material referred to here as the "support lexicon", that plays an important role in the cognitive organisation of the field. On this basis, this paper highlights the relevance of pre-training the CamemBERT model on a French financial dataset to extend its domainspecific vocabulary and fine-tuning it on extractive summarisation. We then evaluate the impact of textual data augmentation, improving the performance of our extractive text summarisation model by up to 6%-11%.

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    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-...
      Part of book or chapter of book . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Springer TDM
      Data sources: Crossref
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Morel, Jean-Paul; Villedieu, Françoise;

    International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2021
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    Authors: Tisseyre, Sandrine;

    National audience

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    Article . 2021
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    Authors: Dupuis, Clémence;

    International audience; L’espace commun territorial est une proposition notionnelle permettant de défaire une contre intuition aménagiste, bien répandue, suivant laquelle effacer, masquer ou travestir l’hostile dans l’espace rendrait le territoire plus habitable. Le courage d’ouvrir l’ensemble de ses valeurs à une hostilité que l’on verra relative, permettrait au contraire de traduire l’espace en territoire plus habitable avec lui. L’architecture serait langage de cette traduction ouverte et égalitaire et sensible, condition même de la naissance d’un territoire plus grand avec lui.

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Conference object . 2019
    License: CC BY NC ND
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    Authors: Delmas, Renaud;

    La gestion des environnements dynamiques à risques (transports, nucléaire, médecine etc.) progresse tous les jours dans notre société. Leur bonne gestion requiert une fiabilisation des systèmes techniques et organisationnels et nécessite de renforcer de la formation des opérateurs aux compétences non techniques. Notre thèse s’intéresse à ce dernier axe. Dans la littérature, le concept de compétences non techniques reste flou.Ce mémoire propose d’examiner ce concept, au travers de l’étude des situations de formation des leaders médicaux du Service de Santé des Armées (SSA) à la prise en charge d’afflux massif de victimes en médecine de l’avant. On adoptera le point de vue des formateurs, lorsque ceux-ci analysent l’activité des leadeurs.Dans une première partie (Chap. I,II et III), nous décrivons la formation des médecins du SSA, les enjeux et outils actuels de la formation à la prise en charge d’afflux massif de victimes et aux compétences non techniques, ainsi que le rôle qu’y jouent les formateurs. La partie théorique recense les travaux portant sur le concept de compétences non techniques, de son origine à sa diffusion dans divers domaines d’activité (Chap. IV, V). Nous décrivons les actuelles taxonomies NTS, dont la majorité est structurée en sept catégories NTS : leadership, travail d’équipe, communication, conscience de la situation, prise de décision, gestion de la fatigue et gestion du stress. Nous caractérisons l’activité des leaders médicaux (chap.VI.) puis positionnons le concept de compétences non techniques dans le domaine de l’ergonomie et de la didactique professionnelle (Chap. VII).La partie empirique débute par la construction d’un corpus recensant toutes les habiletés sous-jacentes à la performance du leader médical sur la base d’entretien d’alloconfrontation avec des formateurs du SSA (Chap. IX). Ce corpus est ensuite classé par les dix formateurs en trois classes : technique (T), non technique (NT), technique et non technique (T-NT).La première étude (Chap. X) analyse de la classification des formateurs, elle révèle l’importance de la classe NT, ainsi que l'existence de cinq styles représentationnels adoptés par les formateurs. La seconde étude (Chapitre XI) examine le sens conféré par les formateurs aux habiletés et souligne des écarts au sein même des styles représentationnels. Nous identifions cinq familles d’habiletés, avec une domination des familles dites faiblement-divergente (45%) et NT (41%). On constate que les formateurs ont identifié unanimement 30 habiletés comme étant non techniques qu'on appellera les habiletés NT-ONLY.Les études suivantes (Chap.XII et XIII) ont reposé sur le classement des 30 habiletés NT-ONLY par 21 formateurs CRM et 13 formateurs MED. La troisième étude (Chap. XII) a mis en évidence que tous les formateurs attribuent plus d’une catégorie par habileté. Ceci démontre que les catégories NTS ne sont pas exclusives. Par ordre décroissant, le leadership, la communication, le travail d’équipe et la conscience de la situation ont été les plus utilisées par les formateurs, sans différences intergroupes. Le groupe CRM a plus utilisé la catégorie de prise de décision, le groupe MED a favorisé la gestion du stress et de la fatigue. La quatrième étude (Chap. XIII) a examiné la possibilité de regrouper certaines des sept catégories NTS sur la base du classement des habiletés NT-ONLY. Nos résultats ont mis en évidence des proximités entre les catégories de leadership, travail d’équipe et communication, puis entre celles de conscience de la situation et prise de décision, et enfin entre celles de gestion de la fatigue et de gestion du stress. La dernière partie de cette thèse (Chap. XIV) discute de la méthodologie mise en place, des résultats obtenus et des questions qu’ils soulèvent. The high-risk dynamic environments management (transports, nuclear industry, medicine etc.) increases every day in our societies. A good management of these environments requires the reliability of technical and organization systems. It also requires the training of operators in non-technical skills. This thesis is focused on this last point. In the literature, the non-technical skills concept stays unclear.This works examines this concept, based on the training situations of medical leaders from the Army Health Service to wounded people massive influx in theatre operation. We adopt the point of view from trainers when they are analyzing activity of leaders.In a first part (Chap. I, II & III), we describe the training of the French army physicians and the current stakes and tools of the wounded people massive influx management training. This part also describes current non-technical skills training and trainer roles. The theoretical part describes works around non-technical skills, from its origins to its diffusion in various areas (Chap. IV & V). We describe the current NTS taxonomies which are mainly based on a divided into seven NTS categories: leadership, teamworking, communication, situation awareness, decision making, coping with fatigue and managing stress. Then, we characterize the activity of medical leader (Chap. VI). This theoretical part lead us to consider non-technical skills as technical or non-technical abilities (Chap. VII) and is conclude with the formulation of our research questions (Chap. VIII).The empirical part of this thesis starts with the elaboration of a corpus (Chap. IX) listing all the abilities linked to the leader performance. The construction of this corpus is based on twenty individual alloconfrontation interviews conducted with physician-trainers. Ten of them classified the abilities into three classes: technical (T), non-technical (NT), technical and non-technical (T-NT).The first study (Chap. X) analyses trainer classification. It shows the importance of NT class and identify the existence of five “representational styles” among trainers. The second study (Chap. XI) examines the meaning assigned by each participant to ability and highlight gaps between trainer representations. Then we identified five ability families with a two main families: slightly-divergent (45%) and NT (41%). We notice that there is a core of thirty abilities which are unanimously classified as non-technical only.The following studies (Chap. XII and XIII) are based on the classification of the 30 NT-only abilities by CRM trainers and MED trainers. The third study highlight that all trainers associate more than once NTS category to each ability. That shows NTS categories are not exclusive. In a descendant order leadership, communication, teamworking and situation awareness are the most used by trainers without difference between groups. The CRM group used more the leadership category. The MED group used more stress managing and coping with fatigue. The fourth study examines if it possible to gather, even to merge, some NTS categories based on the classification of NT-ONLY abilities. Our results show the proximities between the categories of leadership, teamwork and communication, then between situation awareness and decision making, and finally between managing stress and coping with stress. The last part of this thesis (Chap. XIV) discuss about the methodology used, results and questions they raise.

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    Authors: Salimi, Fatemeh;

    While the reference framework for international portfolio choice emphasizes a mean-variance framework, uncovered parity conditions only involve mean stock or bond returns. We propose to augment the empirical specification by using the relative stock market uncertainty of two countries as an extra determinant of their bilateral exchange rate returns. A rise in the relative uncertainty of one stock market will lead capital to flow to the other stock market and generate an appreciation in the currency of the latter. By focusing on the JPY/USD exchange rate returns during the most recent decade (2009-2019) and relying on a nonlinear framework, we provide evidence that the Japanese-US differential stock market uncertainty affects the JPY/USD returns both contemporaneously and with weekly lags. This finding is robust when we control for the stock returns differential and the differential changes in Japanese and US unconventional monetary policy measures.

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    Authors: Mazurek, Hubert;
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    Horizon / Pleins textes
    Other literature type . 2020
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    Authors: Louis, Julien;

    International audience; Ce chapitre analyse les négociations de la Charte sociale européenne du Conseil de l'Europe (1953-1961). Il met en évidence les différents organes de contrôle envisagés pour superviser l'application du traité et les différents types de légitimité politiques ceux-ci ils renvoient : un conseil économique et social européen (corporatiste), une chambre sociale de l'assemblée parlementaire (parlementaire), un comité d'experts indépendants (technocratique).

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
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      Oskar Bordeaux
      Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
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      Hyper Article en Ligne
      Other literature type . 2020
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    Authors: ANDREU, Lionel;

    International audience

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Article . 2021
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    Authors: COMBARNOUS, François; BERROU, Jean-Philippe; CLEMENT, Matthieu; DARBON, Dominique; +1 Authors

    Abstract. This article aims to identify and characterise the Turkish middle class. Our objective is to improve its description by implementing a clustering method combining an economic and a sociological approach. Using the Income and Living Conditions Survey (2014), we first identify the middle-class on the basis of an income interval. We then use information about employment and education to characterise the heterogeneity of this middle-income class. The distinctive behaviors and aspirations of four middle class groups are explored in depth by using the results of original qualitative field research carried out among middle class households from two contrasting regions.Keywords. Social stratification, Income distribution, Middle class, Turkey, Clustering methods.JEL. O15, D13, E25.

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    KSP Journals
    Article . 2019
    License: CC BY NC
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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Article . 2019
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    Authors: Abdelghani Laifa; Laurent Gautier; Christophe Cruz;

    International audience; The present work aims to develop a text summarisation system for financial texts with a focus on the fluidity of the target language. Linguistic analysis shows that the process of writing summaries should take into account not only terminological and collocational extraction, but also a range of linguistic material referred to here as the "support lexicon", that plays an important role in the cognitive organisation of the field. On this basis, this paper highlights the relevance of pre-training the CamemBERT model on a French financial dataset to extend its domainspecific vocabulary and fine-tuning it on extractive summarisation. We then evaluate the impact of textual data augmentation, improving the performance of our extractive text summarisation model by up to 6%-11%.

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    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Morel, Jean-Paul; Villedieu, Françoise;

    International audience

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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2021
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    Authors: Tisseyre, Sandrine;

    National audience

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Article . 2021
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    Authors: Dupuis, Clémence;

    International audience; L’espace commun territorial est une proposition notionnelle permettant de défaire une contre intuition aménagiste, bien répandue, suivant laquelle effacer, masquer ou travestir l’hostile dans l’espace rendrait le territoire plus habitable. Le courage d’ouvrir l’ensemble de ses valeurs à une hostilité que l’on verra relative, permettrait au contraire de traduire l’espace en territoire plus habitable avec lui. L’architecture serait langage de cette traduction ouverte et égalitaire et sensible, condition même de la naissance d’un territoire plus grand avec lui.

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Conference object . 2019
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    Authors: Delmas, Renaud;

    La gestion des environnements dynamiques à risques (transports, nucléaire, médecine etc.) progresse tous les jours dans notre société. Leur bonne gestion requiert une fiabilisation des systèmes techniques et organisationnels et nécessite de renforcer de la formation des opérateurs aux compétences non techniques. Notre thèse s’intéresse à ce dernier axe. Dans la littérature, le concept de compétences non techniques reste flou.Ce mémoire propose d’examiner ce concept, au travers de l’étude des situations de formation des leaders médicaux du Service de Santé des Armées (SSA) à la prise en charge d’afflux massif de victimes en médecine de l’avant. On adoptera le point de vue des formateurs, lorsque ceux-ci analysent l’activité des leadeurs.Dans une première partie (Chap. I,II et III), nous décrivons la formation des médecins du SSA, les enjeux et outils actuels de la formation à la prise en charge d’afflux massif de victimes et aux compétences non techniques, ainsi que le rôle qu’y jouent les formateurs. La partie théorique recense les travaux portant sur le concept de compétences non techniques, de son origine à sa diffusion dans divers domaines d’activité (Chap. IV, V). Nous décrivons les actuelles taxonomies NTS, dont la majorité est structurée en sept catégories NTS : leadership, travail d’équipe, communication, conscience de la situation, prise de décision, gestion de la fatigue et gestion du stress. Nous caractérisons l’activité des leaders médicaux (chap.VI.) puis positionnons le concept de compétences non techniques dans le domaine de l’ergonomie et de la didactique professionnelle (Chap. VII).La partie empirique débute par la construction d’un corpus recensant toutes les habiletés sous-jacentes à la performance du leader médical sur la base d’entretien d’alloconfrontation avec des formateurs du SSA (Chap. IX). Ce corpus est ensuite classé par les dix formateurs en trois classes : technique (T), non technique (NT), technique et non technique (T-NT).La première étude (Chap. X) analyse de la classification des formateurs, elle révèle l’importance de la classe NT, ainsi que l'existence de cinq styles représentationnels adoptés par les formateurs. La seconde étude (Chapitre XI) examine le sens conféré par les formateurs aux habiletés et souligne des écarts au sein même des styles représentationnels. Nous identifions cinq familles d’habiletés, avec une domination des familles dites faiblement-divergente (45%) et NT (41%). On constate que les formateurs ont identifié unanimement 30 habiletés comme étant non techniques qu'on appellera les habiletés NT-ONLY.Les études suivantes (Chap.XII et XIII) ont reposé sur le classement des 30 habiletés NT-ONLY par 21 formateurs CRM et 13 formateurs MED. La troisième étude (Chap. XII) a mis en évidence que tous les formateurs attribuent plus d’une catégorie par habileté. Ceci démontre que les catégories NTS ne sont pas exclusives. Par ordre décroissant, le leadership, la communication, le travail d’équipe et la conscience de la situation ont été les plus utilisées par les formateurs, sans différences intergroupes. Le groupe CRM a plus utilisé la catégorie de prise de décision, le groupe MED a favorisé la gestion du stress et de la fatigue. La quatrième étude (Chap. XIII) a examiné la possibilité de regrouper certaines des sept catégories NTS sur la base du classement des habiletés NT-ONLY. Nos résultats ont mis en évidence des proximités entre les catégories de leadership, travail d’équipe et communication, puis entre celles de conscience de la situation et prise de décision, et enfin entre celles de gestion de la fatigue et de gestion du stress. La dernière partie de cette thèse (Chap. XIV) discute de la méthodologie mise en place, des résultats obtenus et des questions qu’ils soulèvent. The high-risk dynamic environments management (transports, nuclear industry, medicine etc.) increases every day in our societies. A good management of these environments requires the reliability of technical and organization systems. It also requires the training of operators in non-technical skills. This thesis is focused on this last point. In the literature, the non-technical skills concept stays unclear.This works examines this concept, based on the training situations of medical leaders from the Army Health Service to wounded people massive influx in theatre operation. We adopt the point of view from trainers when they are analyzing activity of leaders.In a first part (Chap. I, II & III), we describe the training of the French army physicians and the current stakes and tools of the wounded people massive influx management training. This part also describes current non-technical skills training and trainer roles. The theoretical part describes works around non-technical skills, from its origins to its diffusion in various areas (Chap. IV & V). We describe the current NTS taxonomies which are mainly based on a divided into seven NTS categories: leadership, teamworking, communication, situation awareness, decision making, coping with fatigue and managing stress. Then, we characterize the activity of medical leader (Chap. VI). This theoretical part lead us to consider non-technical skills as technical or non-technical abilities (Chap. VII) and is conclude with the formulation of our research questions (Chap. VIII).The empirical part of this thesis starts with the elaboration of a corpus (Chap. IX) listing all the abilities linked to the leader performance. The construction of this corpus is based on twenty individual alloconfrontation interviews conducted with physician-trainers. Ten of them classified the abilities into three classes: technical (T), non-technical (NT), technical and non-technical (T-NT).The first study (Chap. X) analyses trainer classification. It shows the importance of NT class and identify the existence of five “representational styles” among trainers. The second study (Chap. XI) examines the meaning assigned by each participant to ability and highlight gaps between trainer representations. Then we identified five ability families with a two main families: slightly-divergent (45%) and NT (41%). We notice that there is a core of thirty abilities which are unanimously classified as non-technical only.The following studies (Chap. XII and XIII) are based on the classification of the 30 NT-only abilities by CRM trainers and MED trainers. The third study highlight that all trainers associate more than once NTS category to each ability. That shows NTS categories are not exclusive. In a descendant order leadership, communication, teamworking and situation awareness are the most used by trainers without difference between groups. The CRM group used more the leadership category. The MED group used more stress managing and coping with fatigue. The fourth study examines if it possible to gather, even to merge, some NTS categories based on the classification of NT-ONLY abilities. Our results show the proximities between the categories of leadership, teamwork and communication, then between situation awareness and decision making, and finally between managing stress and coping with stress. The last part of this thesis (Chap. XIV) discuss about the methodology used, results and questions they raise.

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    Authors: Salimi, Fatemeh;

    While the reference framework for international portfolio choice emphasizes a mean-variance framework, uncovered parity conditions only involve mean stock or bond returns. We propose to augment the empirical specification by using the relative stock market uncertainty of two countries as an extra determinant of their bilateral exchange rate returns. A rise in the relative uncertainty of one stock market will lead capital to flow to the other stock market and generate an appreciation in the currency of the latter. By focusing on the JPY/USD exchange rate returns during the most recent decade (2009-2019) and relying on a nonlinear framework, we provide evidence that the Japanese-US differential stock market uncertainty affects the JPY/USD returns both contemporaneously and with weekly lags. This finding is robust when we control for the stock returns differential and the differential changes in Japanese and US unconventional monetary policy measures.

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    Authors: Mazurek, Hubert;