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Hal-Diderot
Doctoral thesis . 2015
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Estimation et sélection pour les modèles additifs et application à la prévision de la consommation électrique

Authors: Thouvenot, Vincent;

Estimation et sélection pour les modèles additifs et application à la prévision de la consommation électrique

Abstract

L'électricité ne se stockant pas aisément, EDF a besoin d'outils de prévision de consommation et de production efficaces. Le développement de nouvelles méthodes automatiques de sélection et d'estimation de modèles de prévision est nécessaire. En effet, grâce au développement de nouvelles technologies, EDF peut étudier les mailles locales du réseau électrique, ce qui amène à un nombre important de séries chronologiques à étudier. De plus, avec les changements d'habitude de consommation et la crise économique, la consommation électrique en France évolue. Pour cette prévision, nous adoptons ici une méthode semi-paramétrique à base de modèles additifs. L'objectif de ce travail est de présenter des procédures automatiques de sélection et d'estimation de composantes d'un modèle additif avec des estimateurs en plusieurs étapes. Nous utilisons du Group LASSO, qui est, sous certaines conditions, consistant en sélection, et des P-Splines, qui sont consistantes en estimation. Nos résultats théoriques de consistance en sélection et en estimation sont obtenus sans nécessiter l'hypothèse classique que les normes des composantes non nulles du modèle additif soient bornées par une constante non nulle. En effet, nous autorisons cette norme à pouvoir converger vers 0 à une certaine vitesse. Les procédures sont illustrées sur des applications pratiques de prévision de consommation électrique nationale et locale.Mots-clés: Group LASSO, Estimateurs en plusieurs étapes, Modèle Additif, Prévision de charge électrique, P-Splines, Sélection de variables

French electricity load forecasting encounters major changes since the past decade. These changes are, among others things, due to the opening of electricity market (and economical crisis), which asks development of new automatic time adaptive prediction methods. The advent of innovating technologies also needs the development of some automatic methods, because we have to study thousands or tens of thousands time series. We adopt for time prediction a semi-parametric approach based on additive models. We present an automatic procedure for covariate selection in a additive model. We combine Group LASSO, which is selection consistent, with P-Splines, which are estimation consistent. Our estimation and model selection results are valid without assuming that the norm of each of the true non-zero components is bounded away from zero and need only that the norms of non-zero components converge to zero at a certain rate. Real applications on local and agregate load forecasting are provided.Keywords: Additive Model, Group LASSO, Load Forecasting, Multi-stage estimator, P-Splines, Variables selection

Country
France
Related Organizations
Keywords

Group LASSO, Modèle additif, Selection de variables, Estimateurs en plusieurs etapes, Penalized method, Load Forecasting, Multi-Step estimator, Modele Additif, Electricity load forecasting, Estimateurs en plusieurs étapes, PSplines, P-Splines, [STAT]Statistics [stat], [MATH.MATH-ST]Mathematics [math]/Statistics [math.ST], Additive model, Multi-stage estimator, Prevision de charge electrique, Prévision de consommation électrique, Méthode pénalisée, Variables selection, Statistique, Selection, [MATH.MATH-ST] Mathematics [math]/Statistics [math.ST], Statistic

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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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