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Speaker normalization of fricative noise: considerations on languag-specific contrast

Authors: Toda, Martine;

Speaker normalization of fricative noise: considerations on languag-specific contrast

Abstract

International audience; Both frication noise and vowel formants cue the place of articulation of sibilant fricatives (e.g., /s/ and / / in English).However, only few studies have examined the effect of speaker-specific factors. This acoustic study of sibilant fricatives examines how speaker-specific formant information can improve the distinctness of two phonemic categories of sibilants: /s/ vs. / / in French and /s/ vs. /sj/ in Japanese. The results show that the center of gravity of the frication noise, normalized with respect to the subject-specific coefficient of vowel onset or vowel center formants, provides an appreciable improvement in the sibilant distinctness in Japanese. While the distinctness score of the noise is generally higher in French than in Japanese, the F2 onset patterns (/s/

Country
France
Related Organizations
Keywords

sibilant fricatives, language specific contrast, [SHS.LANGUE]Humanities and Social Sciences/Linguistics, [SHS.LANGUE] Humanities and Social Sciences/Linguistics, contrast, speaker normalization

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[3] McGowan, R. S., Nittrouer, S. 1988. Differences in fricative production between children and adults: evidence from an acoustic analysis of /ʃ/ and /s/. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 83(1), 229-236. [OpenAIRE]

[4] Mester, A., Ito, J. 2006. Systemic markedness and faithfulness. CLS 39 (Http://people.uscd.edu/~ito/pages/ pubs.html).

[5] Okada, H. 1999. Japanese. In IPA (ed.) Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the usage of .the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 117-119.

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[7] Toda, M. 2006. Deux stratégies articulatoires pour la réalisation du contraste acoustique des sibilantes /s/ et /ʃ/ en français. Actes des XXVIèmes Journées d'études sur la Parole, Dinard, 83-86.

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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