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Study and analysis of thin layers by multi-spectroscopic techniques for an application on a galvanizing line

Authors: Ferté, Morgan;

Study and analysis of thin layers by multi-spectroscopic techniques for an application on a galvanizing line

Abstract

Avec l’émergence des nouveaux aciers chargés en éléments réactifs, la caractérisation des états de surface a pris une nouvelle dimension. En effet, différentes familles d’oxyde sont dommageables pour la qualité de surface de l’acier et peuvent nuire à l’application de revêtements annexes. Aussi, afin d’assurer une bonne qualité aux produits finis, le besoin de caractériser, en ligne, la surface de l’acier sur toute sa largeur est de plus en plus nécessaire. L’imagerie hyperspectrale est une technologie en plein essor qui permet à la fois la caractérisation spatiale et spectrale d’une surface. Elle n’avait cependant encore jamais été employée pour la caractérisation de couche mince dans l’industrie sidérurgique. Durant ma thèse, deux méthodologies ont ainsi été développées pour répondre à ce besoin: l’une via une mesure en réflexion spéculaire et l’autre via une mesure en émission. En complément d’un travail de synthèse d’échantillons de référence, un développement expérimental complet allant d’un banc de simulation aux traitements des données a été réalisé. Ce travail a permis de démontrer la capabilité de l’imagerie hyperspectrale pour la détection de couche mince d’oxyde sur un acier parfois à plusieurs centaines de degrés Celsius. Ces résultats encourageants ont conduit à réaliser la première implantation industrielle de cette technologie. Ce travail de thèse a permis d’étudier théoriquement et expérimentalement les phénomènes mis en jeu et de passer du concept répondant à un besoin industriel à l’implémentation en ligne d’un capteur dédié à la caractérisation d’une couche mince d’oxyde sur une surface en défilement dans des conditions industrielles

With the emergence of new steel loaded in reactive elements, the characterization of the physico-chemical properties of the surface states has taken a new dimension. Indeed, the thin films of oxide formed are damaging for the surface quality of the steel and may adversely affect the application of varied coatings. Also, to ensure a good quality on finished products, the need to characterize, online, the steel surface over its entire width is increasingly necessary. The hyperspectral imaging is an emerging technology that allows both spatial and spectral characterization of a surface. It had never been used to characterize thin layers in the steel industry. During my PhD, both methodologies have been developed to meet this need: one via a measurement in specular reflection and the other via a measurement in emission. In addition to a synthesis of reference samples, a full experimental development ranging from a simulation bench to the data processing was performed. This work has demonstrated the capability of the hyperspectral imaging to detect thin surface oxide layers on a steel surface, sometimes at several hundred degrees Celsius. These encouraging results led to the first industrial implementation of this technology. This thesis made it possible to study theoretically and experimentally the phenomena involved and to move from the concept that meets an industrial need to the implementation of an online sensor dedicated to the characterization of a thin oxide layer on a moving surface in industrial conditions

Keywords

Specular reflection, Réflexion spéculaire, Propriétés radiatives, Hyperspectral imaging, Couches minces, Oxydes et oxyhydroxydes de fer, Spectroscopie infrarouge, Fiber sensor, Capteur fibré, Oxydes sélectifs, Emission, Galvanisation, [CHIM.OTHE] Chemical Sciences/Other, Thin layer, Imagerie hyperspectrale, Selective oxides, Radiative properties, [CHIM.OTHE]Chemical Sciences/Other, Iron oxides and oxihydroxides, Métaux -- Surfaces, Infrared spectroscopy

[FRA_85] (cm-1) [CAT_95]: M. Catti et al., Phys, Rev,B, 1995, vol. 51, pp. 7441-7450. [DYA_09]: M.D. Dyar et al,, American Mineralogist, 2009, vol. 94, pp. 883-898. [FUJ_81]: Fujino K. Sasaki et al,, Acta Crystallographica B, 1981,vol. 37, pp. 513-518. [FRA_85]: Carl A. Francis, American Mineralogist, 1985, vol. 70, pp. 568-575.

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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