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image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao International Journa...arrow_drop_down
image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics
Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
License: Elsevier TDM
Data sources: Crossref
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Proton FLASH Radiation Therapy and Immune Infiltration: Evaluation in an Orthotopic Glioma Rat Model

Authors: Lorea Iturri; Annaïg Bertho; Charlotte Lamirault; Marjorie Juchaux; Cristèle Gilbert; Julie Espenon; Catherine Sebrie; +5 Authors

Proton FLASH Radiation Therapy and Immune Infiltration: Evaluation in an Orthotopic Glioma Rat Model

Abstract

FLASH radiation therapy (FLASH-RT) is a promising radiation technique that uses ultrahigh doses of radiation to increase the therapeutic window of the treatment. FLASH-RT has been observed to provide normal tissue sparing at high dose rates and similar tumor control compared with conventional RT, yet the biological processes governing these radiobiological effects are still unknown. In this study, we sought to investigate the potential immune response generated by FLASH-RT in a high dose of proton therapy in an orthotopic glioma rat model.We cranially irradiated rats with a single high dose (25 Gy) using FLASH dose rate proton irradiation (257 ± 2 Gy/s) or conventional dose rate proton irradiation (4 ± 0.02 Gy/s). We first assessed the protective FLASH effect that resulted in our setup through behavioral studies in naïve rats. This was followed by a comprehensive analysis of immune cells in blood, healthy tissue of the brain, and tumor microenvironment by flow cytometry.Proton FLASH-RT spared memory impairment produced by conventional high-dose proton therapy and induced a similar tumor infiltrating lymphocyte recruitment. Additionally, a general neuroinflammation that was similar in both dose rates was observed.Overall, this study demonstrated that FLASH proton therapy offers a neuro-protective effect even at high doses while mounting an effective lymphoid immune response in the tumor.

Country
France
Keywords

Cancer Research, Radiation, [SDV]Life Sciences [q-bio], Brain, Radiotherapy Dosage, Glioma, Rats, Oncology, Radiation, Ionizing, Proton Therapy, Tumor Microenvironment, Animals, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging, Protons

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    citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    9
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    9
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    Powered byBIP!BIP!
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Found an issue? Give us feedback
citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
9
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
Related to Research communities
Neuroinformatics
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