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Article . 2015
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Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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The effect of spatial resolution on decoding accuracy in fMRI multivariate pattern analysis

Authors: Anna, Gardumi; Dimo, Ivanov; Lars, Hausfeld; Giancarlo, Valente; Elia, Formisano; Kâmil, Uludağ;

The effect of spatial resolution on decoding accuracy in fMRI multivariate pattern analysis

Abstract

Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) in fMRI has been used to extract information from distributed cortical activation patterns, which may go undetected in conventional univariate analysis. However, little is known about the physical and physiological underpinnings of MVPA in fMRI as well as about the effect of spatial smoothing on its performance. Several studies have addressed these issues, but their investigation was limited to the visual cortex at 3T with conflicting results. Here, we used ultra-high field (7T) fMRI to investigate the effect of spatial resolution and smoothing on decoding of speech content (vowels) and speaker identity from auditory cortical responses. To that end, we acquired high-resolution (1.1mm isotropic) fMRI data and additionally reconstructed them at 2.2 and 3.3mm in-plane spatial resolutions from the original k-space data. Furthermore, the data at each resolution were spatially smoothed with different 3D Gaussian kernel sizes (i.e. no smoothing or 1.1, 2.2, 3.3, 4.4, or 8.8mm kernels). For all spatial resolutions and smoothing kernels, we demonstrate the feasibility of decoding speech content (vowel) and speaker identity at 7T using support vector machine (SVM) MVPA. In addition, we found that high spatial frequencies are informative for vowel decoding and that the relative contribution of high and low spatial frequencies is different across the two decoding tasks. Moderate smoothing (up to 2.2mm) improved the accuracies for both decoding of vowels and speakers, possibly due to reduction of noise (e.g. residual motion artifacts or instrument noise) while still preserving information at high spatial frequency. In summary, our results show that - even with the same stimuli and within the same brain areas - the optimal spatial resolution for MVPA in fMRI depends on the specific decoding task of interest.

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Netherlands
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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Computer science Speech recognition Brain mapping Gaussian function Image resolution medicine.diagnostic_test Orientation (computer vision) medicine.anatomical_structure symbols Decoding methods Smoothing symbols.namesake medicine business.industry Isotropy Pattern recognition Magnetic resonance imaging Support vector machine Visual cortex Artificial intelligence Noise (video) business

Keywords

Male, 7 TESLA, Support Vector Machine, Pattern Recognition, Automated, ACTIVATION, Multivariate pattern analysis, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, BRAIN, Brain Mapping, fMRI, 7 T, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted, HUMANS, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, PRIMARY VISUAL-CORTEX, STIMULI, Neurology, Speech Perception, Female, Adult, Cognitive Neuroscience, Spatial smoothing, Spatial resolution, V1, Auditory cortex, SIGNAL, Acoustic Stimulation, Multivariate Analysis, ORIENTATION, INFORMATION FMRI

  • BIP!
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    citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    78
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    78
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    Powered byBIP!BIP!
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
78
Top 10%
Top 10%
Top 10%
gold
Related to Research communities
Neuroinformatics
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