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Europe PubMed Central
Other literature type . 2007
Data sources: PubMed Central
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Article . 2007 . Peer-reviewed
Data sources: Crossref
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Global topological dominance in the left hemisphere

Authors: Wang, Bo; Zhou, Tian Gang; Zhuo, Yan; Chen, Lin;

Global topological dominance in the left hemisphere

Abstract

A series of experiments with right-handers demonstrated that the left hemisphere (LH) is reliably and consistently superior to the right hemisphere (RH) for global topological perception. These experiments generalized the topological account of lateralization to different kinds of topological properties (including holes, inside/outside relation, and “presence vs. absence”) in comparison with a broad spectrum of geometric properties, including orientation, distance, size, mirror-symmetry, parallelism, collinearity, etc. The stimuli and paradigms used were also designed to prevent subjects from using various nontopological properties in performing the tasks of topological discrimination. Furthermore, task factors commonly considered in the study of hemispheric asymmetry, such as response latency vs. accuracy, vertical vs. horizontal presentation, detection vs. recognition, and simultaneous vs. sequential judgment, were manipulated to not be confounding factors. Moreover, left-handed subjects were tested and showed the right lateralization of topological perception, in the opposite direction of lateralization compared with right-handers. In addition, the functional magnetic resonance imaging measure revealed that only a region in the left temporal gyrus was consistently more activated across subjects in the task of topological discrimination, consistent with the behavioral results. In summary, the global topological dominance in the LH is well supported by the converging evidence from the variety of paradigms and techniques, and it suggests a unified solution to the current major controversies on visual lateralization.

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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: media_common.quotation_subject Topology Brain mapping Lateralization of brain function Temporal lobe Gyrus Perception medicine Mathematics media_common medicine.diagnostic_test Collinearity Orientation (vector space) medicine.anatomical_structure Functional magnetic resonance imaging

Keywords

Functional Laterality, Discrimination, Psychological, Reaction Time, Humans, Attention, Dominance, Cerebral, Brain Mapping, Multidisciplinary, Brain, Reproducibility of Results, Biological Sciences, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Temporal Lobe, Space Perception, Psychomotor Performance

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    40
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
40
Top 10%
Top 10%
Top 10%
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bronze
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