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MPG.PuRe
Article . 2010
Data sources: MPG.PuRe
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Article . 2010 . Peer-reviewed
Data sources: Crossref
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The Interplay between Prosody and Syntax in Sentence Processing: The Case of Subject- and Object-control Verbs

Authors: Bögels, S.; Schriefers, H.; Vonk, W.; Chwilla, D.; Kerkhofs, R.;

The Interplay between Prosody and Syntax in Sentence Processing: The Case of Subject- and Object-control Verbs

Abstract

Abstract This study addresses the question whether prosodic information can affect the choice for a syntactic analysis in auditory sentence processing. We manipulated the prosody (in the form of a prosodic break; PB) of locally ambiguous Dutch sentences to favor one of two interpretations. The experimental items contained two different types of so-called control verbs (subject and object control) in the matrix clause and were syntactically disambiguated by a transitive or by an intransitive verb. In Experiment 1, we established the default off-line preference of the items for a transitive or an intransitive disambiguating verb with a visual and an auditory fragment completion test. The results suggested that subject- and object-control verbs differently affect the syntactic structure that listeners expect. In Experiment 2, we investigated these two types of verbs separately in an on-line ERP study. Consistent with the literature, the PB elicited a closure positive shift. Furthermore, in subject-control items, an N400 effect for intransitive relative to transitive disambiguating verbs was found, both for sentences with and for sentences without a PB. This result suggests that the default preference for subject-control verbs goes in the same direction as the effect of the PB. In object-control items, an N400 effect for intransitive relative to transitive disambiguating verbs was found for sentences with a PB but no effect in the absence of a PB. This indicates that a PB can affect the syntactic analysis that listeners pursue.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Verb Sentence processing Subject (grammar) Intransitive verb Control (linguistics) Transitive relation Modal verb Syntax Linguistics Psychology

Keywords

Male, Cognitive Neuroscience, Vocabulary, Young Adult, Reaction Time, Humans, Evoked Potentials, Analysis of Variance, Brain Mapping, Psycholinguistics, Verbal Behavior, Electroencephalography, Semantics, Acoustic Stimulation, Speech Perception, Female, Photic Stimulation

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    impulse
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    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    45
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
45
Top 10%
Top 10%
Top 10%
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