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Translational Neurodegeneration
Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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ImmunoPET imaging of amyloid-beta in a rat model of Alzheimer’s disease with a bispecific, brain-penetrating fusion protein

Authors: Gillian Bonvicini; Stina Syvänen; Ken G. Andersson; Merja Haaparanta-Solin; Francisco López-Picón; Dag Sehlin;

ImmunoPET imaging of amyloid-beta in a rat model of Alzheimer’s disease with a bispecific, brain-penetrating fusion protein

Abstract

Abstract Background Hijacking the transferrin receptor (TfR) is an effective strategy to transport amyloid-beta (Aβ) immuno-positron emission tomography (immunoPET) ligands across the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Such ligands are more sensitive and specific than small-molecule ligands at detecting Aβ pathology in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). This study aimed to determine if this strategy would be as sensitive in rats and to assess how TfR affinity affects BBB transport of bispecific immunoPET radioligands. Methods Two affinity variants of the rat TfR antibody, OX26, were chemically conjugated to a F(ab′)2 fragment of the anti-Aβ antibody, bapineuzumab (Bapi), to generate two bispecific fusion proteins: OX265-F(ab′)2-Bapi and OX2676-F(ab′)2-Bapi. Pharmacokinetic analyses were performed 4 h and 70 h post-injection of radioiodinated fusion proteins in wild-type (WT) rats. [124I]I-OX265-F(ab′)2-Bapi was administered to TgF344-AD and WT rats for in vivo PET imaging. Ex vivo distribution of injected [124I]I-OX265-F(ab′)2-Bapi and Aβ pathology were assessed. Results More [125I]I-OX265-F(ab′)2-Bapi was taken up into the brain 4 h post-administration than [124I]I-OX2676-F(ab′)2-Bapi. [124I]I-OX265-F(ab′)2-Bapi PET visualized Aβ pathology with significantly higher signals in the TgF344-AD rats than in the WT littermates without Aβ pathology. The PET signals significantly correlated with Aβ levels in AD animals. Conclusion Affinity to TfR affects how efficiently a TfR-targeting bispecific fusion protein will cross the BBB, such that the higher-affinity bispecific fusion protein crossed the BBB more efficiently. Furthermore, bispecific immunoPET imaging of brain Aβ pathology using TfR-mediated transport provides good imaging contrast between TgF344-AD and WT rats, suggesting that this immunoPET strategy has the potential to be translated to higher species.

Country
Sweden
Keywords

Amyloid beta-Peptides, Transferrin receptor, Neurologi, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neurosciences, Brain, Mice, Transgenic, Alzheimer's disease, ImmunoPET, Rats, Mice, Disease Models, Animal, Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, Neurology, Alzheimer Disease, Positron-Emission Tomography, Animals, Neurology (clinical), Amyloid-beta, Neurovetenskaper

49 references, page 1 of 5

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    Average
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    6
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
6
Top 10%
Average
Average
gold
Funded by
EC| PET-AlphaSy
Project
PET-AlphaSy
PET Imaging of Alpha-Synuclein Fibril Formation
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 813528
  • Funding stream: H2020 | MSCA-ITN-ETN
Related to Research communities
Neuroinformatics
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