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Europe PubMed Central
Article . 2013
Data sources: PubMed Central
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Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence
Article . 2013 . Peer-reviewed
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Closing the Gender Gap: The Case for Gender-Specific Alcoholism Research

Authors: Ruiz, Susan Mosher; Oscar-Berman, Marlene;

Closing the Gender Gap: The Case for Gender-Specific Alcoholism Research

Abstract

As the number of women who use alcohol increases, so does the number of women who engage in alcohol abuse and develop alcohol dependence. The recent increased focus on women and gender differences in alcoholism research has largely come about following recognition that the face of alcoholism is changing, with alcoholism rates among men remaining stable and rising among women, particularly in younger women. As such, the need to understand gender differences in both acute and long-term effects of alcohol abuse has never been more critical. Gender differences in the long-term effects of chronic alcoholism on the brain and other systems are currently under debate, often with a focus on proclaiming whether men or women suffer the most impact. However, the story appears to be more complex than that. The issue of how alcoholism interacts with gender is complicated, as gender differences in many factors including alcohol metabolism, alcoholism progression, problematic drinking patterns, neurobiology, hormones, and psychiatric comorbidities will contribute to the differences in structural and functional outcomes observed experimentally across domains of inquiry. While women are now much more commonly included in studies of alcohol's effects on the brain, there remains a need for more explicit examinations of gender effects.

Related Organizations
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Alcohol dependence Alcohol abuse Omics medicine.disease Chronic alcoholism medicine Gender gap Psychology Clinical psychology

Keywords

Gender, Brain, Neuroimaging, Article, Alcoholism, Women, Alcohol

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    21
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
21
Top 10%
Average
Average
Green
hybrid
Funded by
NIH| AFFECTIVE AND CONATIVE CHANGES IN ALCOHOLISM
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5R01AA007112-05
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM
,
NIH| Affective and Conative Changes in Alcoholism
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5K05AA000219-14
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM
iis
,
NIH| AFFECTIVE AND CONATIVE CHANGES IN ALCOHOLISM
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5R37AA007112-10
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM
iis
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